Leo T . Furcht

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Melanoma chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan (MCSP) is a cell-surface antigen that has been implicated in the growth and invasion of melanoma tumours. Although this antigen is expressed early in melanoma progression, its biological function is unknown. MCSP can stimulate the integrin-alpha4 beta1-mediated adhesion and spreading of melanoma cells. Here we show(More)
In this study, we evaluated the potential role for a specific melanoma-associated chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan core protein, termed NG2, to collaborate with alpha 4 beta 1 integrin in focal contact formation in human melanoma cells. Although melanoma cells adhered to substrata coated with either the alpha 4 beta 1 integrin binding fibronectin synthetic(More)
Dissociated neurons from embryonic chick dorsal root and sympathetic ganglia (peripheral neurons) and from spinal cord and retina (central nervous system neurons) were cultured on plastic substrata treated with purified fibronectin and laminin. Both central and peripheral neurons attached to and extended neurites on laminin. In contrast, only peripheral(More)
The active migration of tumor cells through extracellular matrices has been proposed to play a role in certain aspects of metastasis. Metastatic tumor cells migrate in vitro in response to substratum-bound adhesive glycoproteins such as fibronectin. The present studies use affinity-purified proteolytic fragments of fibronectin to determine the nature of(More)
Cell adhesion to extracellular matrix molecules such as fibronectin involves complex transmembrane signaling processes. Attachment and spreading of primary fibroblasts can be promoted by interactions of cell surface integrins with RGD-containing fragments of fibronectin, but the further process of focal adhesion and stress fiber formation requires(More)
Tumor cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix is an important consideration in tumor metastasis. Recent results show that multiple adhesion-promoting domains for melanoma cells can be purified from proteolytic digests of fibronectin [McCarthy, J. B., Hagen, S. T., & Furcht, L. T. (1986) J. Cell Biol. 102, 179-188]. Monoclonal antibodies were generated(More)
We have previously described two proteoglycans from human sciatic nerve which are immunochemically related to the chondroitin sulphate proteoglycans versican and decorin. The chondroitin sulphate of the versican-like molecule and the core protein of the decorin-like molecule have been found previously to be up-regulated after lesioning the adult mouse(More)
Leukocytes play an important role in the development of ischemia-reperfusion injury. This study was conducted to ascertain whether synthetic peptides corresponding to the cell- and heparin-binding sequences of fibronectin that disturb leukocyte adhesion molecules were effective in neuronal protection after transient focal cerebral ischemia in rats. The(More)
Cellular interactions with fibronectin-treated substrata have a complex molecular basis involving multiple domains. A carboxy-terminal cell and heparin binding region of fibronectin (FN) is particularly interesting because it is a strong promoter of neurite outgrowth (Rogers, S.L., J.B. McCarthy, S.L. Palm, L.T. Furcht, and P.C. Letourneau, 1985. J.(More)
Laminin is a large (greater than 850-kdalton) glycoprotein that is localized within basement membranes. Recent work has indicated that this protein is present within the endoneurium of mouse sciatic nerve. Furthermore, it has been shown that a rat Schwannoma cell line, RN22F, produced laminin and that laminin promoted the attachment of these cells to(More)