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The tumor suppressor gene wild-type p53 encodes a labile protein that accumulates in cells after different stress signals and can cause either growth arrest or apoptosis. One of the p53 target genes, p53-inducible gene 3 (PIG3), encodes a protein with significant homology to oxidoreductases, enzymes involved in cellular responses to oxidative stress and(More)
Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a cytokine that acts on various cell types. Here we show that IL-6 mRNA is produced in vivo in two self-limiting physiologic angiogenic processes: (i) the formation of the vascular system accompanying development of ovarian follicles and (ii) the formation of a capillary network in the maternal decidua following embryonic(More)
Wild-type p53 is a tumor-suppressor gene that encodes a short-lived protein that, upon accumulation, induces growth arrest or apoptosis. Accumulation of p53 occurs mainly by posttranslational events that inhibit its proteosomal degradation. We have reported previously that inhibition of NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) activity by dicoumarol induces(More)
The establishment of a system for in vitro clonal development of hematopoietic cells made it possible to discover the cytokines that regulate hematopoiesis. These cytokines include colony stimulating factors and others, which interact in a network, and there is a cytokine cascade which couples growth and differentiation. A network allows considerable(More)
Wild-type p53 protein has many properties consistent with its being the product of a tumour suppressor gene. Although the normal roles of tumour suppressor genes are still largely unknown, it seems that they could be involved in promoting cell differentiation as well as in mediating growth arrest by growth-inhibitory cytokines. Hence, the abrogation of(More)
The tumor suppressor wild-type p53 can induce apoptosis. M1-t-p53 myeloid leukemic cells have a temperature-sensitive p53 protein that changes its conformation to wild-type p53 after transfer from 37 degrees C to 32 degrees C. We have now found that these cells showed an early lysosomal rupture after transfer to 32 degrees C. Mitochondrial damage, including(More)
The copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) gene resides on chromosome 21 and is overexpressed in Down syndrome (DS) patients. Transgenic CuZnSOD mice with elevated levels of CuZnSOD were used to determine whether, as in DS, overexpression of CuZnSOD was also associated with thymus and bone marrow abnormalities. Three independently derived transgenic(More)
Hematopoietic cells require certain cytokines including colony-stimulating factors and interleukins to maintain viability. Without these cytokines the program of apoptotic cell death is activated. Cells from many myeloid leukemias require cytokines for viability, and apoptosis is also activated in these leukemic cells after cytokine withdrawal resulting in(More)