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We show that the nuclear architecture of rod photoreceptor cells differs fundamentally in nocturnal and diurnal mammals. The rods of diurnal retinas possess the conventional architecture found in nearly all eukaryotic cells, with most heterochromatin situated at the nuclear periphery and euchromatin residing toward the nuclear interior. The rods of(More)
Eukaryotic cells have a layer of heterochromatin at the nuclear periphery. To investigate mechanisms regulating chromatin distribution, we analyzed heterochromatin organization in different tissues and species, including mice with mutations in the lamin B receptor (Lbr) and lamin A (Lmna) genes that encode nuclear envelope (NE) proteins. We identified LBR-(More)
  • Leo Peichl
  • The anatomical record. Part A, Discoveries in…
  • 2005
All mammalian retinae contain rod photoreceptors for low-light vision and cone photoreceptors for daylight and color vision. Most nonprimate mammals have dichromatic color vision based on two cone types with spectrally different visual pigments: a short-wavelength-sensitive (S-)cone and a long-wavelength-sensitive (L-)cone. Superimposed on this basic(More)
1. Receptive field centre sizes of brisk-sustained (X) and brisk-transient (Y) ganglion cells of the cat retina were assessed by three different methods: small spot mapping, area threshold method and spatial resolution. 2. Centre sizes of brisk-sustained (X) cells increased from 20' in the central area to about 70' at an eccentricity of 4.5 mm, centre sizes(More)
Retinae from species of six orders of mammals (table 1) were processed by an on-the-slide neurofibrillar staining method to establish whether alpha-type ganglion cells are generally present in placental mammals. Alpha cells of the domestic cat, where they were first defined as a type, are used as a standard of reference. Alpha cells were found in all the(More)
  • L Peichl
  • The Journal of comparative neurology
  • 1989
In the rat retina a distinctive class of large ganglion cell was demonstrated by intracellular staining with Lucifer Yellow and with reduced silver staining. They are referred to as alpha cells because they resemble the alpha cells of other mammalian retinae. A second class, called delta cells, is also described. Both classes belong to the type I group(More)
Rabbit retinal ganglion cells were retrogradely labeled following injection of rhodamine-labeled microspheres into the medial terminal nucleus. The small fraction of rhodamine-labeled neurons reached their peak concentration within the visual streak and then decreased with increasing eccentricity until none were encountered in the far periphery. The same(More)
Of the 3 anatomically defined classes of ganglion cell in adult cat retina, the alpha and beta cells are the most well documented, thus providing a basis of comparison for developing ganglion cells. Alpha and beta ganglion cells in cat retinae at various ages from birth (P0) to adult were intracellularly injected with Lucifer yellow. At all ages, both cell(More)
In the rabbit retina a distinctive morphological class of large ganglion cells was demonstrated by a combination of intracellular staining with Lucifer Yellow and the quantification of reduced silver-stained preparations. The class is called alpha because of the qualitative and quantitative resemblance to the alpha cells of the cat's retina. Rabbit alpha(More)