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We present curiosity-driven, autonomous acquisition of tactile exploratory skills on a biomimetic robot finger equipped with an array of microelectromechanical touch sensors. Instead of building tailored algorithms for solving a specific tactile task, we employ a more general curiosity-driven reinforcement learning approach that autonomously learns a set of(More)
Curiosity is an essential driving force for science as well as technology, and has led mankind to explore its surroundings, all the way to our current understanding of the universe. Space science and exploration is at the pinnacle of each of these developments, in that it requires the most advanced technology, explores our world and outer space, and(More)
To autonomously learn behaviors in complex environments, vision-based agents need to develop useful sensory abstractions from high-dimensional video. We propose a modular, curiosity-driven learning system that autonomously learns multiple abstract representations. The policy to build the library of abstractions is adapted through reinforcement learning, and(More)
To plan complex motions of robots with many degrees of freedom, our novel, very flexible framework builds task-relevant roadmaps (TRMs), using a new sampling-based optimizer called Natural Gradient Inverse Kinematics (NGIK) based on natural evolution strategies (NES). To build TRMs, NGIK iteratively optimizes postures covering task-spaces expressed by(More)
The ability to identify novel patterns in observations is an essential aspect of intelligence. In a computational framework, the notion of a pattern can be formalized as a program that uses regularities in observations to store them in a compact form, called a compressor. The search for interesting patterns can then be stated as a search to better compress(More)
The temporal evolution of nearshore sandbars (alongshore ridges of sand fringing coasts in water depths less than 10 m and of paramount importance for coastal safety) is commonly predicted using process-based models. These models are autoregressive and require offshore wave characteristics as input, properties that find their neural network equivalent in(More)
Deep belief networks (DBNs) are popular for learning compact representations of high-dimensional data. However, most approaches so far rely on having a single, complete training set. If the distribution of relevant features changes during subsequent training stages, the features learned in earlier stages are gradually forgotten. Often it is desirable for(More)
—Humanoids have to deal with novel, unsupervised high-dimensional visual input streams. Our new method Au-toIncSFA learns to compactly represent such complex sensory input sequences by very few meaningful features corresponding to high-level spatio-temporal abstractions, such as: a person is approaching me, or: an object was toppled. We explain the(More)
Recent theories of universal algorithmic intelligence, combined with the view that the world can be completely specified in mathematical terms, have led to claims about intelligence in any agent, including human beings. We discuss the validity of assumptions and claims made by theories of universally optimal intelligence in relation to their application in(More)