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Prosthetic graft infection as a result of Listeria monocytogenes is an extremely rare event that recently occurred in a 77-year-old man who underwent endoluminal stent grafting for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. The infected aortic endoluminal prosthesis was removed by means of en bloc resection of the aneurysm and contained endograft with in situ(More)
Twenty-two (32.8%) of 67 patients who had patch graft aortoplasty for aortic coarctation underwent reoperation because of aneurysm formation opposite or at the site of the patch. The mean age at primary repair was 25.3 years (standard deviation, 9.5 years). Reoperation took place 12.3 years (standard deviation, 3.7 years) later. In 19 patients, the aneurysm(More)
Repair of coarctation of the aorta by synthetic patch grafting has been complicated by late aneurysm formation. These aneurysms differ macroscopically from atherosclerotic thoracic aortic dilatations. Specimens for microscopic examination were taken from 14 of 20 patients undergoing aneurysm resection. Histological analysis of the specimens showed(More)
UNLABELLED Most patients undergoing minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass surgery can be awakened and tracheally extubated in the operating room. We have compared two techniques of total IV anesthesia in this patient population: 30 patients (aged 44 to 74 yr; 24 male) premedicated with temazepam were randomly assigned to receive either(More)
Ninety patients with esophageal perforations were operated on at our institutions between 1970 and 1992. Thirty-four of them were seen after delayed diagnosis (> 24 hours) with mediastinal sepsis caused by perforation of the thoracic esophagus. There were 18 patients with spontaneous ruptures, 11 with instrumental perforations (including one caused during(More)
BACKGROUND Levosimendan is a compound with vasodilatory and inotropic properties. Experimental data suggest effective reversal of stunning and cardioprotective properties. METHODS This prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study included 60 patients with 3-vessel coronary disease and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of less(More)
Open-heart surgery was performed on 1686 adult patients between 1980 and 1984, with a mortality rate due to abdominal complications of 0.6%. Every operation involved the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Abdominal complications occurred in 1.6%, with an overall mortality rate of 36%. The most frequent complication was gastrointestinal (Gl) bleeding(More)
Fifty consecutive coronary artery bypass grafting (Group I) and 50 single valve replacement (Group II) procedures were compared with 50 coronary artery bypass grafting with valve replacement (Group III) procedures and 50 multi-valve procedures (Group IV) to determine the frequency of neurological complications after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The(More)