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Over one half of all persons seen in a primary care clinic were identified as having anxiety or depressive disorder by the primary care provider, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), or the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS). In only about 5% of all patients were findings positive on all three assessments concurrently. Both the GHQ and the practitioners(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the qualitative and quantitative distribution of melanocytes in human leptomeninges by histochemical and ultrastructural techniques and to search for melanocytes in the mesothelial linings of the pleural and peritoneal cavities. Knowledge of the extracutaneous distribution of pigment cells will facilitate the(More)
A randomized clinical trial was conducted in a group practice for the primary care of adult patients to address the effect of feedback to providers of information from a psychiatric screening questionnaire, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). The practice is staffed by faculty, residents, and health care extenders of The Johns Hopkins University School(More)
Evidence is accruing that older individuals receive little attention for mental health problems and that any attention that is given is most often within the primary care setting. A randomized clinical trial was carried out at a primary care clinic of The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, testing the ability of feedback of the results of a screening(More)
The incidence of congenital syphilis has experienced a fourfold to fivefold increase in 6 years. It is a completely preventable disease whose clinical spectrum ranges from asymptomatic infection, to fulminant sepsis, to death. Congenital syphilis was diagnosed in a 6-week-old infant whose mother was negative for the disease by prenatal screen. The otherwise(More)
The association between falls, drugs, and diagnoses in elderly residents of a long-term care facility was explored using case-control methodology. The odds of being a faller rather than a control were significant (P less than .01) for those taking antidepressants, sedatives/hypnotics, or vasodilators, and for those with osteoarthritis or depression. When(More)
Investigators have reported poor recognition of dementia by primary physicians. For this reason, mental status examinations were performed on 72 demented and 144 nondemented medical inpatients to assess the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of components of this examination in the diagnosis of dementia. Sensitivity of individual(More)
When patients ascribe adverse symptoms to their medications, the medical care process can be affected. To investigate how often medical outpatients link various adverse symptoms with their medications and to learn what actions they take in response, 299 randomly selected medical outpatients were interviewed. Thirty percent of the subjects identified at(More)
Compliance with medical therapy in general is often low, and compliance with blood pressure treatment is no better. Numerous studies have shown that patients frequently drop out of treatment for hypertension. Furthermore, even when patients stay in treatment, they often take their medications in a way quite dissimilar from that prescribed. Identifying(More)