Learn More
Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-like particle in which apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)] is disulfide-linked to apolipoprotein B (apoB). High concentrations of Lp(a) in plasma are associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Lp(a) has traditionally been measured by immunoassay and expressed as total mass of Lp(a).(More)
Elevated plasma or serum lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) levels have been associated with premature coronary heart disease (CHD). Lp(a) levels can be assessed quantitatively by electrophoresis and quantitatively by immunoassays determining either total Lp(a) mass, apo(a) mass on Lp(a) protein mass, or by precipitation methods followed by measurement of Lp(a)(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish whether elevated lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], detected as a sinking pre-beta-lipoprotein band on electrophoresis of fresh plasma, is an independent risk factor for the development of premature coronary heart disease (CHD) in men. DESIGN AND SETTING Prospective study of the Framingham offspring cohort. PARTICIPANTS A total of 2191 men(More)
BACKGROUND Increased plasma lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] concentrations have been reported to be an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) in some prospective studies, but not in others. These inconsistencies may relate to a lack of standardization and the failure of some immunoassays to measure all apolipoprotein(a) isoforms equally. METHODS(More)
Plasma lipoprotein levels, including remnant-like particle (RLP) cholesterol and RLP triglycerides, were assessed in fasting (12 hours) and postprandial (PP) (4 hours after a fat-rich meal) states in 88 patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and 88 controls. All lipoproteins were assessed by direct methods. We hypothesized that patients with CHD would(More)
The effects of atorvastatin at 20, 40, and 80 mg/day on plasma lipoprotein subspecies were examined in a randomized, placebo-controlled fashion over 36 weeks in 97 patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels of >130 mg/dl and compared directly with the effects of fluvastatin (n = 28), pravastatin (n =(More)
The effects of atorvastatin (40 mg/day) versus placebo on fasting and postprandial plasma levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) were examined over 36 weeks in 84 patients who had coronary heart disease and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels >130 mg/dl and compared directly with(More)
A procedure was developed for the dissociation of apolipoprotein (a) (apo (a)) from pure human lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) prepared by density gradient ultracentrifugation and gel filtration. Lp(a) was ultracentrifuged through a layer of saline which was adjusted to a density of 1.182 g/mL and contained 30 mM dithiothreitol (50 mM) and phenylmethylsulfonyl(More)
The effects of atorvastatin at 20, 40, and 80 mg/day on plasma lipoprotein subclasses were examined in a randomized, placebo-controlled fashion over 24 weeks in 103 patients in the fasting state who had coronary heart disease (CHD) with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels >130 mg/dl. The effects of placebo and atorvastatin 40 mg/day were(More)
Diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of premature atherosclerosis, which may be due in part to an increased rate of low density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation. Previous studies have shown that vitamin E, probucol, and lovastatin can reduce the oxidative susceptibility of LDL in normoglycemic animal models; however, few studies have(More)