Leo F. S. Ditzel Filho

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OBJECTIVE To describe the technical and anatomic nuances related to endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEAs) to the paramedian skull base. METHODS Surgical indications, limitations, and technical aspects pertaining to EEAs designed to access areas oriented in the coronal plane are systematically reviewed with special attention to caveats, pitfalls, and(More)
Skull base lesions that involve the middle and posterior cerebral fossae have been historically managed through extensive transcranial approaches. The development of endoscopic endonasal techniques during the past decade has made possible a vast array of alternative routes to the ventral skull base, providing the ability to expose lesions in(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical treatment of pituitary pathologies has evolved along the years, adding safety and decreasing morbidity related to the procedure. Advances in the field of radiology, coupled with stereotactic technology and computer modeling, have culminated in the contemporary and widespread use of image guidance systems, as we know them today. Image(More)
OBJECTIVE To present the utility and selection criteria for the supraorbital (SO) craniotomy, an approach commonly used to remove extraaxial tumors such as meningiomas and craniopharyngiomas, to resect intraaxial frontal brain lesions. METHODS All consecutive patients who underwent a SO craniotomy for an intraaxial lesion were retrospectively analyzed for(More)
The authors present a unique side-cutting instrument (NICO Myriad, Indianapolis, IN) with variable aspiration designed specifically for tumor resection. The study included retrospective review of data collected from 10/2009 to 01/2011. We detail the use of the Myriad in 31 patients with the following pathologies: meningioma (n=16), chordoma (n = 3),(More)
Objective Access to the pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae presents a significant surgical challenge, owing to their deep-seated location and complex neurovascular anatomy. This study elucidates the benefits of incremental medial maxillectomies to access this region. We compared access to the medial aspect of the infratemporal fossa provided by medial(More)
OBJECTIVE The endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) offers direct access to midline skull base lesions, and the anterior transpetrosal approach (ATPA) stands out as a method for granting entry into the upper and middle clival areas. This study evaluated the feasibility of performing EEA for tumors located in the petroclival region in comparison with ATPA.(More)
Chondrosarcomas of the skull base are rare, locally invasive tumors that typically arise in the petroclival region, from degenerated chondroid cells located within the synchondrosis. Given their usually slow growth rate, they are capable of reaching sizable dimensions, promoting bone erosion and significant displacement of neurovascular structures before(More)
BACKGROUND Olfactory groove meningiomas grow insidiously and compress adjacent cerebral structures. Achieving complete removal without further damage to frontal lobes can be difficult. Microsurgical removal of large lesions is a challenging procedure and usually involves some brain retraction. The endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEAs) for tumors arising(More)
Tuberculum sellae meningiomas are challenging lesions; their critical location and often insidious growth rate enables significant distortion of the superjacent optic apparatus before the patient notices any visual impairment. This article describes the technical nuances, selection criteria and complication avoidance strategies for the endonasal resection(More)