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Marijuana seems firmly established as another social drug in Western countries, regardless of its current legal status. Patterns of use vary widely. As with other social drugs, the pattern of use is critical in determining adverse effects on health. Perhaps the major area of concern about marijuana use is among the very young. Using any drug on a regular(More)
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) was given intravenously, by smoking, and by mouth to 11 healthy subjects. Plasma profiles of THC after smoking and intravenous injection were similar whereas plasma levels after oral doses were low and irregular, indicating slow and erratic absorption. Based on AUC0-360 min systemic availability of THC after smoking was(More)
delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC) was administered in a crossover design by smoking and IV injection to groups of heavy and light users of marihuana. Plasma concentrations of delta 9-THC were similar for the groups after IV injection of 5.0 mg delta 9-THC, but the AUC0-240 min showed a trend towards lower values for the heavy user group. To achieve(More)
Despite the widespread abuse of marijuana, knowledge about its effects in the human brain is limited. Brain glucose metabolism with and without delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (main psychoactive component of marijuana) was evaluated in eight normal subjects and eight chronic marijuana abusers with positron emission tomography. At baseline, marijuana(More)
Plasma concentrations of THC were measured by gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry following three routes of administration and correlated with clinical effects. Plasma concentrations peaked at 3 minutes after intravenous injection and then sharply declined. The peak "high" occurred at 30 minutes while plasma concentrations were declining. This(More)
A new dopamine radioreceptor assay was used to measure serum concentrations of neuroleptics during treatment of 58 patients. Results of this assay are expressed as chlorpromazine equivalents. Serum concentrations varied with different drugs, with extremely high levels in patients receiving thioridazine or mesoridazine. No detectable serum levels were found(More)
Naltrexone was given to ten opiate-free volunteer subjects following the same dosage schedule used for initiating treatment of opiate-dependent persons. During the three-week initiation period, three subjects dropped from the study owing to aversive effects of the drug. The remaining seven subjects reported similar unpleasant but tolerable effects. A(More)