Leo A. Barnes

Learn More
Aerotactic responses in Escherichia coli are mediated by the membrane transducer Aer, a recently identified member of the superfamily of PAS domain proteins, which includes sensors of light, oxygen, and redox state. Initial studies of Aer suggested that it might use a flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) prosthetic group to monitor cellular redox changes. To(More)
VEGF is unique among angiogenic growth factors because it disrupts endothelial barrier function. Therefore, we considered whether this property of VEGF might contribute to tumor cell extravasation and metastasis. To test this, mice lacking the Src family kinases Src or Yes, which maintain endothelial barrier function in the presence of VEGF, were injected(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) plays a critical role during vascular development because knockout of FAK in endothelial cells (ECs) is embryonic lethal. Surprisingly, tamoxifen-inducible conditional knockout of FAK in adult blood vessels (inducible EC-specific FAK knockout [i-EC-FAK-KO]) produces no vascular phenotype, and these animals are capable of(More)
Integrin alphanubeta3 is found on a subset of tumor blood vessels where it is associated with angiogenesis and malignant tumor growth. We designed an alphanubeta3-targeted nanoparticle (NP) encapsulating the cytotoxic drug doxorubicin (Dox) for targeted drug delivery to the alphanubeta3-expressing tumor vasculature. We observed real-time targeting of this(More)
Cereblon (CRBN), a substrate receptor of the Cullin 4 RING E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, is the target of the immunomodulatory drugs lenalidomide and pomalidomide. Recently, it was demonstrated that binding of these drugs to CRBN promotes the ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of 2 common substrates, transcription factors Aiolos and Ikaros. Here we(More)
Integrins regulate adhesion-dependent growth, survival and invasion of tumor cells. In particular, expression of integrin alpha(v)beta(3) is associated with progression of a variety of human tumors. Here we reveal a previously undescribed adhesion-independent role for integrin alpha(v)beta(3) in pancreatic cancer and other carcinomas. Specifically,(More)
Pancreas cancer is one of the most lethal malignancies and is characterized by activating mutations of Kras, present in 95% of patients. More than 60% of pancreatic cancers also display increased c-Src activity, which is associated with poor prognosis. Although loss of tumor suppressor function (for example, p16, p53, Smad4) combined with oncogenic Kras(More)
Supplementary Figure 1 In tegrin αvβ3 is h igh ly expressed in a sub-popu la tion o f hum an pancrea tic cancer ce lls and co rre la tes w ith lym ph node invasion . (a,b) R epresen ta tive im ages of im m unoh istochem ica l s ta in ing fo r the in tegrin β3 subun it in hum an pancrea tic ca rc inom a sections from 18 pa tient sam p les. (a) (top le ft) β3(More)
Tyrosine kinase receptors and integrins play essential roles in tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Previously, we showed that epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation of pancreatic carcinoma cells led to invasion and metastasis that was blocked by antagonists of integrin alpha(v)beta(5). Here, we show that EGF stimulates metastasis of carcinoma cells via(More)