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Single-walled carbon nanotubes have many potential beneficial uses, with additional applications constantly being investigated. Their unique properties, however, create a potential concern regarding toxicity, not only in humans and animals but also in plants. To help develop protocols to determine the effects of nanotubes on plants, we conducted a pilot(More)
We have studied the unique bridging behavior of solid-stabilized oil-in-ionic liquid (IL) and water-in-ionic liquid emulsions with respect to particle concentration, particle size, and droplet phase using a confocal laser scanning microscope. The emulsions exhibited three morphology regimes: (1) single, sparingly covered droplets, (2) bridged clusters of(More)
Particle mobility, aggregate structure, and the mechanism of aggregate growth at the two-dimensional level have been of long-standing interest. Here, we use solid-stabilized emulsions as a model system to investigate the mobility of charged microparticles at poly(dimethylsiloxane) (oil)-water interfaces using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Remarkably,(More)
Combining compliant electrode arrays in open-mesh constructs with hydrogels yields a class of soft actuator, capable of complex, programmable changes in shape. The results include materials strategies, integration approaches, and mechanical/thermal analysis of heater meshes embedded in thermoresponsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (pNIPAM) hydrogels with(More)
Pickering emulsions are used as a template to investigate the multiphase interactions and self-assembled structure of nanoparticles at a trichloroethylene-water interface. The dodecanethiol-capped silver nanoparticles of 1-5 nm form randomly distributed multilayers at the liquid/liquid interface, with an interparticle distance varying from close contact to(More)
Emulsions of oil and water stabilized by adsorbed solid particles are known as solid-stabilized emulsions (often referred to as Pickering emulsions). Using confocal microscopy, we have studied the assembly of colloidal-sized polystyrene particles in poly(dimethylsiloxane)-in-water solid-stabilized emulsions. Monodisperse polystyrene particles, when included(More)
We investigate the dynamics of charged microparticles at polydimethylsiloxane (oil)-water interfaces using Pickering emulsions as an experimental template. The mobility of the charged particles depends largely on the viscoelastic properties of the oil phase and the wettability of the solid particles. In addition, we have explored the potential of developing(More)
We have studied assembly at air-water and liquid-liquid interfaces with an emphasis on systems containing both surfactants and nanoparticles. Anionic surfactants, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and non-ionic surfactants, Triton X-100 and tetraethylene glycol alkyl ethers (C(8)E(4), C(12)E(4) and C(14)E(4)), effectively decrease the surface tension of(More)
The dynamic wetting behavior of simple liquids (water, glycerin, formamide, ethylene glycol, and a mixture of water and ethylene glycol) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) oils with different viscosities has been investigated. The hydrodynamic, molecular-kinetic, and combined molecular-hydrodynamic models have been applied to the experimental results to(More)
We have employed a laser scanning confocal microscope (LSCM) to study the structure and dynamics of microparticles at Pickering emulsion interfaces. The microparticles can have rich morphology at the emulsion interfaces, ranging from an aggregated structure to colloidal lattices, with a possibility of involving heterogeneous particles. With a specific(More)