Lenora M. Olson

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STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine whether recognition of domestic violence in the emergency department is affected by restructuring of the ED chart to include a specific question about domestic violence, to evaluate whether training concerning domestic violence further increases its recognition, and to develop a profile of women who present to the ED as a result(More)
BACKGROUND There have been no population-based studies estimating the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in an insured population. There is also little information on how well routinely collected health status information predicts IPV risk. Many women now obtain health care from providers who are members of a managed care organization (MCO). To(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To define the contribution of domestic violence (DV) to homicides in women in New Mexico and to examine differences in ethnicity, mechanism, previous documented injuries, incidence of sexual assault, and use of alcohol or illicit drugs between DV- and non-DV-related homicides. METHODS We carried out a retrospective analysis of reports of(More)
Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death for young people in the United States. Assessing which drivers are at a high risk of experiencing a crash is important for the implementation of traffic regulations. Illegal street racing has been associated with a high rate of motor vehicle crashes. In this study, we link Utah statewide driver license(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association between ambulance transports for assault and those for alcohol intoxication. METHODS A retrospective analysis of emergency medical services (EMS) calls was performed. The authors used logistic regression models to compare patients transported for alcohol intoxication with a control group of patients transported for(More)
Using data from the Add Health, this study examined multilevel factors of adolescent smoking after controlling for the baseline smoking behavior and individual characteristics. Results showed that peer, family and school were all important life domains contextually influencing subsequent smoking behavior among adolescents. Time spent with peers, best friend(More)
Three chronic conditions were examined--acute alcohol intoxication, seizure disorder, and respiratory illness--to quantify the extent of repetitive emergency medical services (EMS) use in a defined population. Urban EMS system ambulance data from 1992 to 1994 were analyzed for the three designated conditions with respect to transports by condition and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To examine specific risks for occupational injury deaths in New Mexico. DESIGN Retrospective review of state medical investigator reports from 1980 through 1991 with regard to industry, agent of death, gender, ethnicity, location, and alcohol and other drug involvement. PARTICIPANTS New Mexico residents who were fatally injured while on(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the epidemiology of repeat users of the emergency department (ED) using a statewide database. METHODS Probabilistic linkage was used to convert three years of statewide ED visit data into a longitudinal, patient-based data set. Patients were classified as single, repeat (at least two visits within three years), or serial (four or(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the annual incidence of fatal motor vehicle crashes involving street racing and to describe the characteristics of these crashes compared to other fatal crashes in the United States. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Fatality Analysis Reporting System data for 1998-2001 were used for the(More)