Learn More
BACKGROUND There has been much debate about the value of screening mammography. Here we update the overview of the Swedish randomised controlled trials on mammography screening up to and including 1996. The Kopparberg part of the Two-County trial was not available for the overview, but the continuation of the Malmö trial (MMST II) has been added. The(More)
Despite encouraging results from screening trials the efficacy of mammography in reducing mortality remains somewhat controversial. Five studies have been done in Sweden. This overview, based on 282,777 women followed for 5-13 years in randomised trials in Malmö, Kopparberg, Ostergötland, Stockholm, and Gothenburg, reveals a 24% (95% confidence interval(More)
PURPOSE We sought to investigate mortality risk in an adult cohort with newly diagnosed unprovoked epileptic seizures. METHODS One hundred seven patients who were at least 17 years old and had newly diagnosed unprovoked epileptic seizures were prospectively identified during a period of 20 months between 1985 and 1987. Patients were followed until the(More)
The Swedish Childhood Diabetes Register combines continuous prospective reporting on incident cases and regular retrospective review of hospital records in all paediatric departments in the country and has, from 1978 to 1987, compiled 3838 cases. A validity test using an independent source has revealed a degree of ascertainment of 100%. When fitting a(More)
From July 1, 1977 to July 1, 1986, 3,503 incident cases of Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus were registered in the Swedish childhood diabetes study. Using data from this register and from a case-referent study, including all incident Type 1 diabetic children in Sweden during one year and, for each patient, two referent children matched according(More)
The incidence of diabetes mellitus in Sweden in the 15–34 year age group was prospectively studied on a nationwide basis, beginning 1 January 1983. A total of 1,214 male and 720 female cases of newly-diagnosed (excluding gestational) diabetes were reported over a 5-year period. This corresponds to an incidence of 20.5 per 100,000/year in male subjects and(More)
The prevalence of respiratory symptoms in 6,610 adults (3,372 men and 3,238 women); 35-36, 50-51 and 65-66 yrs of age, living in selected areas of Norrbotten, northern Sweden, were assessed in a postal survey. Response rates were identical in men and women, and at least one respiratory symptom was reported by 41% of each sex. Twenty two percent reported(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is evidence for a reduction in breast carcinoma mortality with mammographic screening, some doubts have been expressed, and there is still uncertainty regarding the age specific effects. METHODS The authors report on a randomized, controlled trial of mammographic screening for breast carcinoma that was conducted among 51,611(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between human herpesviruses and multiple sclerosis (MS), as well as between measles virus and MS. METHODS The authors identified prospectively collected serum samples from 73 MS cases and retrospective sera from 161 MS cases in two population-based serum bank registers. Analyses of IgG antibody responses in cases(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence and severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) 10 years after diagnosis in a nationwide population-based cohort study of young adult diabetic patients in Sweden. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The Diabetes Incidence Study in Sweden (DISS) aims to register all incident cases of diabetes aged 15-34 years in Sweden. In 1987-1988,(More)