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BACKGROUND There has been much debate about the value of screening mammography. Here we update the overview of the Swedish randomised controlled trials on mammography screening up to and including 1996. The Kopparberg part of the Two-County trial was not available for the overview, but the continuation of the Malmö trial (MMST II) has been added. The(More)
BACKGROUND Awareness of the danger signs of obstetric complications is the essential first step in accepting appropriate and timely referral to obstetric and newborn care. The objectives of this study were to assess women's awareness of danger signs of obstetric complications and to identify associated factors in a rural district in Tanzania. METHODS A(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis in Västerbotten County in northern Sweden. METHODS Multiple sources were used in the case identification process. Follow up interviews with clinical examinations were undertaken and, when indicated, additional paraclinical investigations were done. In this way case ascertainment(More)
An epidemiological community-based study of incident cases with non-provoked epileptic seizures, using case-referent methodology, was carried out to explore possible risk factors for epileptic seizures. 83 cases, between 17 and 74 years of age, of whom 67.4% had seizures of localized onset, were compared with 2 age- and sex-matched referents. Higher birth(More)
Despite encouraging results from screening trials the efficacy of mammography in reducing mortality remains somewhat controversial. Five studies have been done in Sweden. This overview, based on 282,777 women followed for 5-13 years in randomised trials in Malmö, Kopparberg, Ostergötland, Stockholm, and Gothenburg, reveals a 24% (95% confidence interval(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Västerbotten County in northern Sweden. METHODS Individuals with MS were identified from several sources. A follow-up interview and/or examination was performed in 94% of cases still living in the area during 1997-99. Onset adjusted prevalence and a definition(More)
BACKGROUND The high rate of antenatal care attendance in sub-Saharan Africa, should facilitate provision of information on signs of potential pregnancy complications. The aim of this study was to assess quality of antenatal care with respect to providers' counselling of pregnancy danger signs in Rufiji district, Tanzania. METHODS A cross-sectional study(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between human herpesviruses and multiple sclerosis (MS), as well as between measles virus and MS. METHODS The authors identified prospectively collected serum samples from 73 MS cases and retrospective sera from 161 MS cases in two population-based serum bank registers. Analyses of IgG antibody responses in cases(More)
PURPOSE AND METHODS To estimate the effect of exposure to smoking on the risk for multiple sclerosis (MS), we analyzed nicotine metabolite (cotinine) levels in biobank samples from 109 MS cases and 218 matched referents. RESULTS Elevated cotinine levels, even modest elevations, were associated with an increased risk for MS (all other categories versus(More)
In a prospective community-based study of 103 children with febrile convulsions (FC), social and genetical factors were compared with 193 age and sex matched referents sampled from the community. FC were found more often among parents of cases than referents (odds ratio 21.0; p less than 0.001). A history of FC in any type of relative was found in 39.8% of(More)