Lennart Svensson

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Ghrelin stimulates appetite, increases food intake and causes adiposity by mechanisms that include direct actions on the brain. Previously, we showed that intracerebroventricular administration of ghrelin has stimulatory and dopamine-enhancing properties. These effects of ghrelin are mediated via central nicotine receptors, suggesting that ghrelin can(More)
In this article, we show that when targets are closely spaced, traditional tracking algorithms can be adjusted to perform better under a performance measure that disregards identity. More specifically, we propose an adjusted version of the joint probabilistic data association (JPDA) filter, which we call set JPDA (SJPDA). Through examples and theory we(More)
The effect of various typical (haloperidol) and atypical (clozapine, raclopride, remoxipride) antipsychotics on phencyclidine (PCP)-induced disruption of sensorimotor gating was tested in rats using an acoustic startle paradigm. Clozapine (4–40 µmol/kg), haloperidol (1–5 µmol/kg) and raclopride (1–12 µmol/kg) failed to reverse PCP-induced disruption of(More)
Ethanol and nicotine are the most abused drugs, and it is well known that co-abuse of ethanol and nicotine is frequent in human beings. We have previously obtained results indicating that the ethanol-induced stimulation of both the mesolimbic dopamine system and locomotor activity may involve activation of central nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs),(More)
A 1-year prospective study was conducted to identify enteropathogens in adults with diarrhea (n=851) and in healthy control subjects (n=203) by use of conventional laboratory methods. Virulence factor genes for diarrheagenic Escherichia coli were detected by polymerase chain reaction. Enteropathogens were identified in 56% of patients and 16% of control(More)
Most area-defense formulations follow from the assumption that threats must first be identified and then neutralized. This is reasonable, but inherent to it is a process of labeling: threat A must be identified and then threat B, and then action must be taken. This manuscript begins from the assumption that such labeling (A & B) is irrelevant. The(More)
In this paper, we present the Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC) architecture, which was proposed and implemented by the team from Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden, that joined the Grand Cooperative Driving Challenge (GCDC) in 2011. The proposed CACC architecture consists of the following three main components, which are(More)
OBJECTIVE There is limited information available regarding the etiology of gastrointestinal infections in Burkina Faso. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and epidemiology of enteric pathogens causing gastroenteritis in young children, with a focus on rotavirus, and to investigate the levels of malnutrition and other clinical factors in(More)
 Male Sprague-Dawley rats were repeatedly treated with amphetamine (AMP, 1 mg/kg, SC) at 3- day intervals for 15 days and tested for prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle after each treatment. This treatment regimen induced sensitisation in the animals as evidenced by a progressive increase in the disruptive effect of AMP on prepulse inhibition.(More)