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The autistic syndromes are caused by neurological dysfunctions. The capacity of autistic individuals to form representations of previous sensory impressions, useful for the processing of present information, is impaired. Self-organizing feature maps are mathematical models of cortical feature maps and may be used to simulate cortical processing.(More)
This X ray spectrophotometer is designed for bone-mineral and soft-tissue determinations on adult humans. The equipment comprises an X ray tube with a special high-voltage generator and a filtering unit to produce two narrow energy bands, a system composed of two servocontrolled measuring wedges with attenuation properties corresponding to bone-mineral and(More)
Narrow neural columns have been suggested to be a neuroanatomical abnormality in autism. A previous hypothetical explanation, an unbalance between excitatory and inhibitory lateral feedback in the neocortex, has been found to be difficult to reconcile with the relatively high comorbidity of autism with epilepsy. Two alternative explanations are discussed,(More)
We present a model of integration of auditory and visual information as in the human cortex. More specifically, we demonstrate a possible way in which the phonetic symbols and associated Mandarin Chinese phonemes pronounced by different speakers are mapped onto the model of cortical areas. Our model has been strongly influenced by recent fMRI studies on(More)
We present a solution to a problem of early intervention in autistic learning. This is an addition to our model of autism which is based on Kohonen self-organizing maps extended with the source familiarity filter and the attention shift mechanism. In particular we study the feature map formation when attention shift is restricted by familiarity preference.(More)
We present a recurrent multimodal model of binding written words to mental objects and investigate the capability of the network in reading misspelt but categorically related words. Our model consists of three mutually interconnected association modules which store mental objects, represent their written names and bind these together to form mental(More)
Autism is a developmental disorder with possibly multiple pathophysiologies. It has been theorized that cortical feature maps in individuals with autism are inadequate for forming abstract codes and representations. Cortical feature maps make it possible to classify stimuli, such as phonemes of speech, disregarding incidental detail. Hierarchies of such(More)
Multimodal integration of sensory information has clear advantages for survival: events that can be sensed in more than one modality are detected more quickly and accurately, and if the sensory information is corrupted by noise the classification of the event is more robust in multimodal percepts than in the unisensory information. It is shown that using a(More)