Lenka Maletínská

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Treatment of newborn mice with monosodium glutamate (MSG) is neurotoxic for hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) and causes obesity. In the MSG-treated 16-week-old NMRI mice, we detected specific ablation of ARC neuronal cells, 8 times higher fat to body mass ratio but unchanged body mass compared to controls, advanced hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia--both(More)
The status of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor and LDL receptor-related protein (LRP) in seven human glioma cell lines was evaluated to extend our knowledge of human glioblastoma multiforme tumor metabolism for future drug design. Cell lines SF-767, SF-763, A-172, U-87 MG, U-251 MG, U-343 MG, and SF-539 were used. Binding of 125I-labeled LDL to(More)
CART (cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript) peptides are neuropeptides abundant in the central nervous system and periphery found to be involved in the regulation of food intake behavior and other physiological processes. Recently, we reported specific binding of (125)I-CART(61-102) to the rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line PC12, both intact(More)
CART (cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript) peptides have been studied for ten years. We report specific binding of 125I-CART(61-102) to the rat adrenal pheochromocytoma PC12 cell line, both intact cells and cell membranes. Saturation binding to intact plated cells resulted in Kd of 0.48+/-0.16 nM and Bmax of 2228+/-529 binding sites/cell.(More)
In this study, susceptibility of inbred C57BL/6 and outbred NMRI mice to monosodium glutamate (MSG) obesity or diet-induced obesity (DIO) was compared in terms of food intake, body weight, adiposity as well as leptin, insulin and glucose levels. MSG obesity is an early-onset obesity resulting from MSG-induced lesions in arcuate nucleus to neonatal mice.(More)
Six [Pen(6)]oxytocin analogs were synthesized by substituting penicillamine for cysteine in oxytocin, [Mpa(1)]oxytocin, [dPen(1)]oxytocin, [5-t-BuPro(7)]oxytocin, [Mpa(1), 5-t-BuPro(7)]oxytocin and [dPen(1), 5-t-BuPro(7)]oxytocin. When tested in the uterotonic test in vitro [Pen(6)]oxytocin, [Pen(6), 5-t-BuPro(7)]oxytocin, [Mpa(1), Pen(6)]oxytocin and(More)
Ovariectomized mice on a high fat diet represent a model of diet-induced obesity during estrogen deficiency. Here, we tested the hypothesis that sensitivity to centrally administered leptin in ovariectomized mice with diet-induced obesity could be restored by estrogen supplementation. Ovariectomized C57BL/6 female mice were fed either a standard or high fat(More)
The predominant angiotensin II receptor expressed in the human myometrium is the angiotensin AT2 receptor. This preparation was used for a structure-activity relationship study on angiotensin II analogues modified in positions 1 and 8. The angiotensin AT2 receptor present on human myometrium membranes displayed a high affinity (pKd = 9.18) and was(More)
OBJECTIVE It is generally known that hypocretin (Hcrt) neurons in lateral hypothalamus (LH) are involved in feeding behaviour. The aim of this study was to reveal the activity response of Hcrt neurons, as measured by Fos protein incidence, to prolonged high fat (HF) diet in the LH of both genders of C57B1/6 mice. METHODS Standard (St) and high fat (HF)(More)
For the purpose of evaluating substitution effects in the ortho, meta or para positions of the aromatic ring of tyrosine or phenylalanine in position 2 of oxytocin on uterotonic activity in vitro in the presence and absence of magnesium ions, six new analogues of oxytocin ([D- and L-m-methylphenylalanine2]oxytocin, [D- and L-m-methoxyphenylalanine2]oxytocin(More)