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Laminins, the main components of basement membranes, are heterotrimers consisting of alpha, beta, and gamma polypeptide chains linked together by disulfide bonds. Laminins-1 and -2 are both composed of beta1 and gamma1 chains and differ from each other on their alpha chain, which is alpha1 and alpha2 for laminin-1 and -2, respectively. The present study(More)
Branching epithelial morphogenesis requires interactions between the surrounding mesenchyme and the epithelium, as well as interactions between basement membrane components and the epithelium. Embryonic submandibular gland was used to study the roles of two mesenchymal proteins, epimorphin and tenascin-C, as well as the epithelial protein laminin-1 and one(More)
The integrins are a large family of heterodimeric transmembrane cellular receptors which mediate the association between the extracellular matrix (ECM) and cytoskeletal proteins. The alpha7beta1 integrin is a major laminin binding integrin in skeletal and cardiac muscle and is thought to be involved in myogenic differentiation and migration processes. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the expression of distinct fragments of laminin alpha2 chain in patients with partial laminin alpha2 chain deficiency and variable clinical severity. BACKGROUND Deficiency of laminin alpha2 chain caused by mutations of the LAMA2 gene on chromosome 6q2 account for approximately 50% of cases of congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD)(More)
It has been previously shown that A-chain and domain(E8)-specific antibodies to laminin that inhibit cell adhesion also interfere with the establishment of epithelial cell polarity during kidney tubule development (Klein, G., M. Langegger, R. Timpl, and P. Ekblom. 1988. Cell. 55:331-341). A monoclonal antibody specific for the integrin alpha 6 subunit,(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with classic congenital muscular dystrophy have been found to have partial or total deficiency of the alpha2 chain of laminin 2 (merosin). This deficiency has mostly been studied using only 1 antibody against a fragment of the protein. OBJECTIVES To characterize the expression of laminin alpha2 in the skeletal muscle of patients(More)
islet basement membrane, a barrier to infiltrating leukocytes in type 1 diabetes in mouse and human. Diabetes 2013;62:531–542 In the above-cited article there are three instances, as listed below, where patients are described as having type 1 diabetes for the duration of one or more weeks. The correct duration is one or more years. These errors have no(More)
The congenital muscular dystrophies (CMDs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders. Among these, the laminin alpha 2 chain 'merosin' deficient CMD is caused by mutations of the LAMA2 gene on chr 6q2 and Fukuyama CMD is linked to chr 9q31. We report a 7-year-old boy who was born to consanguineous healthy parents. His motor and mental development were slow.(More)
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