Lenin Mahimainathan

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We tested the hypothesis that AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), an energy sensor, regulates diabetes-induced renal hypertrophy. In kidney glomerular epithelial cells, high glucose (30 mM), but not equimolar mannitol, stimulated de novo protein synthesis and induced hypertrophy in association with increased phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor(More)
The mechanism by which bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) induces osteoblast differentiation is not precisely known. We investigated the involvement of the phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase/Akt signal transduction pathway in modulation of this process. BMP-2 stimulated PI 3-kinase activity in osteogenic cells. Inhibition of PI 3-kinase activity with the(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is characterized early in its course by glomerular hypertrophy and, importantly, mesangial hypertrophy, which correlate with eventual glomerulosclerosis. The mechanism of hypertrophy, however, is not known. Gene disruption of the tumor suppressor PTEN, a negative regulator of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway, in fruit flies(More)
Chemotactic factors known as chemokines play an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Transgenic expression of TNFalpha in the central nervous system (CNS) leads to the development of a demyelinating phenotype (TNFalpha-induced demyelination; TID) that is highly reminiscent of MS. Little is known about the role of chemokines in TID(More)
The proliferation and migration of arterial smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are key events in the vascular restenosis that frequently follows angioplasty. Furthermore, SMC migration and neointimal hyperplasia are promoted by degradation of the extracellular matrix by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Because we demonstrated previously that the proinflammatory(More)
Nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2/NFE2L2), a redox-sensitive transcription factor plays a critical role in adaptation to cellular stress and affords cellular defense by initiating transcription of antioxidative and detoxification genes. While a protein can be regulated at multiple levels, control of Nrf2 has been largely studied at(More)
PTEN, mutated in a variety of human cancers, is a dual specificity protein phosphatase and also possesses D3-phosphoinositide phosphatase activity on phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-tris-phosphate (PIP(3)), a product of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. This PIP(3) phosphatase activity of PTEN contributes to its tumor suppressor function by inhibition of Akt(More)
Epidemiological and animal studies suggest that environmental toxins including paraquat (PQ) increase the risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD) by damaging nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. We previously showed that overexpression of a group of microRNAs (miRs) affects the antioxidant promoting factor, Nrf2 and related glutathione-redox homeostasis(More)
Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) recruits activated phagocytes to the site of tissue injury. Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) present in the microenvironment of glomerulus acts on mesangial cells to induce local production of MCP-1. The mechanism by which IFN-gamma stimulates expression of MCP-1 is not clear. We therefore examined the role of PI 3 kinase(More)
Mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis is associated with overactive PDGF receptor signal transduction. We show that the phytoalexin resveratrol dose dependently inhibits PDGF-induced DNA synthesis in mesangial cells with an IC(50) of 10 microM without inducing apoptosis. Remarkably, the increased SIRT1 deacetylase activity induced by resveratrol was not(More)