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Seven diterpenoids including four clerodane and three labdane derivatives, (13S)-ent-7beta-hydroxy-3-cleroden-15-oic acid (1), ent-7beta-hydroxy-2-oxo-3-cleroden-15-oic acid (2), ent-2,7-dioxo-3-clero-den-15-oic acid (3), ent-18-(E)-caffeoyloxy-7beta-hydroxy-3-cleroden-15-oic acid (4) (13S)-ent-18-(E)-coumaroyloxy-8(17)-labden-15-oic acid (5),(More)
Thirty-three plants commonly used in West tropical Africa by traditional healers for the treatment of malaria were collected and ethanolic extracts were obtained by decoction. The antiplasmodial activity of extracts was evaluated in vitro against the chloroquine-resistant FcB1 strain of Plasmodium falciparum. Cytotoxicity was determined on the human MRC-5(More)
Two clerodane diterpenoids, antadiosbulbins A and B and two 19-norclerodane diterpenes, 8-epidiosbulbins E and G along with the known diosbulbin E as well as nine known phenolics including five phenanthrenes and stilbenes and four flavonoids were isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble part of the methanolic extract of the tubers of Dioscorea antaly, a yam(More)
The biological activities of essential oils from three plants grown in Cameroon: Ocimum basilicum, Ocimum canum, and Cymbopogon citratus were tested against Plasmodium falciparum and mature-stage larvae of Anopheles funestus. Gas chromatography and gas chromatography - mass spectrometry analyses showed that the main compounds are geranial, 1,8-cineole and(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the hexanic root bark extract of Casearia sylvestris var. lingua led to the isolation of a new clerodane diterpene, whose structure was elucidated as rel-(2 S,5 R,6 R,8 S,9 S,10 R,18 S,19 R)-19-acetoxy-18,19-epoxy-6-hydroxy-18-butanoyloxy-2-(2-methylbutanoyloxy)cleroda-3,13(16), 14-triene by spectroscopic means, including 1D(More)
One hundred and ninety plants, of which 51 are used to treat malaria in traditional medicine, were collected in five different ecosystems of Madagascar for a screening programme devoted to the search of naturally-occurring antimalarial compounds. Thirty-nine plants, of which 12 are used as herbal antimalarials, were found to display in vitro activity(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of an extract of the lichen Cladonia incrassata against Staphylococcus aureus led to a novel compound, 1,5-dihydroxy-2,4,6-trichloro-7-methylxanthone (1), along with six known compounds: (-)-usnic acid (2), didymic acid (3), condidymic acid (4), squamatic acid (5), thamnolic acid (6), and prasinic acid (7). Didymic, condidymic,(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the EtOH extract of the stem bark of Funtumia elastica resulted in the isolation of four steroidal alkaloids, holarrhetine (1), conessine (2), holarrhesine (3) and isoconessimine (4). Their structures were determined on the basis of 1D- and 2D-NMR techniques and mass spectrometry. Compounds 1-4 exhibited in vitro(More)
An antiplasmodial bioguided investigation of the EtOAc extract of the aerial parts of Teucrium ramosissimum led to isolation and identification of three sesquiterpenoids, teucmosin, 4alpha-hydroxy-homalomenol C, 1beta,4beta,7alpha-trihydroxy-8,9-eudesmene and two trinorsesquiterpenoids, 4beta-hydroxy-11,12,13-trinor-5-eudesmen-1,7-dione and(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY To investigate the activities of the 217 plant extracts in traditional medicine of the Brazilian Cerrado against protozoans and yeasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS Plant extracts were prepared by the method of maceration using solvents of different polarities. The growth inhibition of chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum strain (FcB1)(More)