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In this paper we introduce a speech recognition system based on myoelectric signals. The system handles audible and non-audible speech. Major challenges in surface electromyography based speech recognition ensue from repositioning electrodes between recording sessions, environmental temperature changes, and skin tissue properties of the speaker. In order to(More)
One of the main challenges for computer-assisted surgery (CAS) is to determine the intra-operative morphology and motion of soft-tissues. This information is prerequisite to the registration of multi-modal patient-specific data for enhancing the surgeon's navigation capabilities by observing beyond exposed tissue surfaces and for providing intelligent(More)
In this paper, we present an approach for articulatory feature classification based on surface electromyographic signals generated by the facial muscles. With parallel recorded audible speech and electromyographic signals, experiments are conducted to show the anticipatory behavior of electromyographic signals with respect to speech signals. On average, we(More)
Since its introduction in the early 1990s, the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm has become one of the most well-known methods for geometric alignment of 3D models. Given two roughly aligned shapes represented by two point sets, the algorithm iteratively establishes point correspondences given the current alignment of the data and computes a rigid(More)
PURPOSE The Medical Imaging Interaction Toolkit (MITK) has been available as open-source software for almost 10 years now. In this period the requirements of software systems in the medical image processing domain have become increasingly complex. The aim of this paper is to show how MITK evolved into a software system that is able to cover all steps of a(More)
Time-of-Flight (ToF) sensors have become a considerable alternative to conventional surface acquisition techniques such as laser range scanning and stereo vision. Application of ToF cameras for the purpose of intra-operative registration requires matching of the noisy surfaces generated from ToF range data onto pre-interventionally acquired high-resolution(More)
Object tracking is a key enabling technology in the context of computer-assisted medical interventions. Allowing the continuous localization of medical instruments and patient anatomy, it is a prerequisite for providing instrument guidance to subsurface anatomical structures. The only widely used technique that enables real-time tracking of small objects(More)
Three dimensional quantification of organ shape and structure during minimally invasive surgery (MIS) could enhance precision by allowing the registration of multi-modal or pre-operative image data (US/MRI/CT) with the live optical image. Structured illumination is one technique to obtain 3D information through the projection of a known pattern onto the(More)
Declarations Hiermit erkläre ich, dass ich diese Diplomarbeit selbstständig und ohne unzulässige fremde Hilfe ange-fertigt habe. Die verwendeten Literaturquellen sind vollständig im Literaturverzeichnis aufgeführt. to circulate copies from this thesis for non-commercial purposes. Abstract The applicabilty of conventional automatic speech recognition in(More)