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In this paper we introduce a speech recognition system based on myoelectric signals. The system handles audible and non-audible speech. Major challenges in surface electromyography based speech recognition ensue from repositioning electrodes between recording sessions, environmental temperature changes, and skin tissue properties of the speaker. In order to(More)
PURPOSE Two of the main challenges associated with electromagnetic (EM) tracking in computer-assisted interventions (CAIs) are (1) the compensation of systematic distance errors arising from the influence of metal near the field generator (FG) or the tracked sensor and (2) the optimized setup of the FG to maximize tracking accuracy in the area of interest.(More)
Computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has become a commonly used procedure in the treatment of liver tumors. One of the main challenges related to the method is the exact placement of the instrument within the lesion. To address this issue, a system was developed for computer-assisted needle placement which uses a set of(More)
One of the main challenges for computer-assisted surgery (CAS) is to determine the intra-operative morphology and motion of soft-tissues. This information is prerequisite to the registration of multi-modal patient-specific data for enhancing the surgeon's navigation capabilities by observing beyond exposed tissue surfaces and for providing intelligent(More)
PURPOSE The Medical Imaging Interaction Toolkit (MITK) has been available as open-source software for almost 10 years now. In this period the requirements of software systems in the medical image processing domain have become increasingly complex. The aim of this paper is to show how MITK evolved into a software system that is able to cover all steps of a(More)
PURPOSE Computed tomography (CT) guided minimally invasive interventions such as biopsies or ablation therapies often involve insertion of a needle-shaped instrument into the target organ (e.g., the liver). Today, these interventions still require manual planning of a suitable trajectory to the target (e.g., the tumor) based on the slice data provided by(More)
In this paper, we present an approach for articulatory feature classification based on surface electromyographic signals generated by the facial muscles. With parallel recorded audible speech and electromyographic signals, experiments are conducted to show the anticipatory behavior of electromyographic signals with respect to speech signals. On average, we(More)
Since its introduction in the early 1990s, the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm has become one of the most well-known methods for geometric alignment of 3D models. Given two roughly aligned shapes represented by two point sets, the algorithm iteratively establishes point correspondences given the current alignment of the data and computes a rigid(More)
Object tracking is a key enabling technology in the context of computer-assisted medical interventions. Allowing the continuous localization of medical instruments and patient anatomy, it is a prerequisite for providing instrument guidance to subsurface anatomical structures. The only widely used technique that enables real-time tracking of small objects(More)