Lena Kotrulja

Learn More
Emollients are agents designed to make the stratum corneum softer and more plant by increasing its hydration. A large number of preparations are available today, many of which are marketed as cosmetic and therapeutic moisturizers. They are the most prescribed products in dermatology. Their structure and function are surprisingly complex and sophisticated,(More)
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing, inflammatory skin disease. Failure to treat AD successfully can often be directly linked to poor treatment adherence as a result of the lack of information about the disease and basic principles of treatment. Several studies have found that making patients active participants in their care through information(More)
Neonatal and infantile erythroderma is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Numerous underlying causes have been reported. Etiologic diagnosis of erythroderma is frequently difficult to establish, and is usually delayed, due to the poor specificity of clinical and histopathologic signs. Differential diagnosis of erythroderma is a multi-step procedure(More)
Photosensitivity in childhood is caused by a diverse group of diseases. A specific sensitivity of a child's skin to ultraviolet light is often the first manifestation or a clinical symptom of photodermatosis. It might indicate a serious underlying systemic disease such as lupus erythematosus or dermatomyositis, or a rare group of genetic skin disorders like(More)
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a very small part of the electromagnetic radiation spectrum, released and transported from the source in the form of photons. Disposal of these photons within the skin causes cutaneous photodamage, which leads to clinical, histologic, and biochemical changes. Aging is a complex process characterized by cellular attrition,(More)
Cutaneous osteoma (CO) is a rare entity with only scattered cases reported in the literature. Cutaneous ossifications are divided into primary and secondary CO. Secondary CO accounts for 85% of cutaneous ossifications and develops within preexisting neoplastic or inflammatory skin lesions. Primary CO accounts for about 15% of cutaneous ossifications and(More)
This open, multicenter, comparative, randomized study included 120 subjects with papulopustular stage of acne vulgaris. Subjects were randomized to one of the three treatment groups (A, total dose 4.5 g of azithromycin in 7 weeks; B, total dose 6.0 g in 10 weeks; and C, total dose 7.5 g in 13 weeks). The aim was to identify the optimum azithromycin dose in(More)
All the people are exposed to solar ultraviolet radiation. Exposure to sun with living in an oxygen-rich atmosphere causes unwanted photodemage. Sunburned skin is a leading risk factor for melanoma and non-melanoma cancers. UV exposure causes immunosuppression via multiple mechanisms in the skin. In this review the main topic is to mention new or(More)