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In order to update the epidemiological and mycological profile of candidaemia in Europe, the European Confederation of Medical Mycology conducted a prospective, sequential, hospital population-based study from September 1997 to December 1999. A total of 2,089 cases were documented by 106 institutions in seven European countries. Rates of candidaemia ranging(More)
Despite the widespread use of antifungals for prophylaxis, Candida bloodstream infection (BSI) remains the most frequent life-threatening fungal disease. From an analysis of multi-institutional surveys of Candida BSIs performed in Europe, including the large prospective survey by the European Confederation of Medical Mycology (2089 episodes from seven(More)
The Pyrosequencing technology was used for identification of different clinically relevant fungi. The tests were performed on amplicons derived from the 18S rRNA gene using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) universal primers for amplification. Sequencing was performed up to 40 bases in a variable region with a designed general sequencing primer and the(More)
We compared the efficacy and safety of empirical plus PCR-based vs empirical liposomal amphotericin B treatment after Allo-SCT. Allo-SCT recipients were randomized to receive either PCR-based preemptive therapy (group A; n=198) or empirical antifungal therapy (group B; n=211) with liposomal amphotericin B. In group A, therapy was started after one positive(More)
Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in immuno-compromised patients, with an incidence of 4-10%, and with a mortality rate of 80-90%, such as in allogeneic stem cell transplant recipients. Conventional diagnostic tests, like blood culture, are not useful in the diagnosis of Aspergillus spp. fungemia. Furthermore,(More)
The performance of the Fungitell assay was investigated in 100 patients with haematological malignancy undergoing chemotherapy who developed antibiotic-unresponsive neutropenic fever (AUNF). Serum beta-D-glucan (BG) concentrations were significantly elevated on the first day of AUNF and all subsequent alternate days to day 10 in 38 patients who developed an(More)
Invasive candidiasis has become a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised hosts. Here we describe a fast and reliable DNA extraction and PCR amplification method in combination with a slot blot hybridization assay. A genus-specific probe was designed that allowed to detect DNA from a broad range of Candida species and 3 other yeasts. In(More)
BACKGROUND Candida species are the third most common cause of pediatric health care-associated bloodstream infection in the United States and Europe. To our knowledge, this report from the International Pediatric Fungal Network is the largest prospective, multicenter observational study dedicated to pediatric and neonatal invasive candidiasis. METHODS(More)
The incidence of fungal infections in hospitalized patients has increased, and due to demographic changes and increasingly advanced medical methods, the intensive care units (ICU) have emerged as epicentres for fungal infections. The aim of the present study was to investigate Candida colonization pattern and colonization index (CI), in combination with(More)
We analyzed the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) over the past 2 decades. Between 1992 and 2009, 953 patients were treated with HSCT, mainly for a hematologic malignancy. They were divided according to 4 different time periods of treatment: 1992 to 1995, 1996 to 2000, 2001 to 2005, and 2006 to 2009. Over the years, many(More)