Lena Klingspor

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In order to update the epidemiological and mycological profile of candidaemia in Europe, the European Confederation of Medical Mycology conducted a prospective, sequential, hospital population-based study from September 1997 to December 1999. A total of 2,089 cases were documented by 106 institutions in seven European countries. Rates of candidaemia ranging(More)
Despite the widespread use of antifungals for prophylaxis, Candida bloodstream infection (BSI) remains the most frequent life-threatening fungal disease. From an analysis of multi-institutional surveys of Candida BSIs performed in Europe, including the large prospective survey by the European Confederation of Medical Mycology (2089 episodes from seven(More)
We compared the efficacy and safety of empirical plus PCR-based vs empirical liposomal amphotericin B treatment after Allo-SCT. Allo-SCT recipients were randomized to receive either PCR-based preemptive therapy (group A; n=198) or empirical antifungal therapy (group B; n=211) with liposomal amphotericin B. In group A, therapy was started after one positive(More)
PCR has been used as an aid in the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis for almost 2 decades. A lack of standardization has limited both its acceptance as a diagnostic tool and multicenter clinical evaluations, preventing its inclusion in disease-defining criteria. In 2006, the European Aspergillus PCR Initiative was formed. The aim of the initiative was to(More)
The performance of the Fungitell assay was investigated in 100 patients with haematological malignancy undergoing chemotherapy who developed antibiotic-unresponsive neutropenic fever (AUNF). Serum beta-D-glucan (BG) concentrations were significantly elevated on the first day of AUNF and all subsequent alternate days to day 10 in 38 patients who developed an(More)
Aspergillus PCR testing of serum provides technical simplicity but with potentially reduced sensitivity compared to whole-blood testing. With diseases for which screening to exclude disease represents an optimal strategy, sensitivity is paramount. The associated analytical study confirmed that DNA concentrations were greater in plasma than those in serum.(More)
The Pyrosequencing technology was used for identification of different clinically relevant fungi. The tests were performed on amplicons derived from the 18S rRNA gene using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) universal primers for amplification. Sequencing was performed up to 40 bases in a variable region with a designed general sequencing primer and the(More)
A prospective observational nationwide investigation was performed from September 2005 to August 2006 to study the epidemiology of candidaemia in Sweden. From 385 patients, 403 isolates were recovered, yielding an incidence of 4.2 cases per 100 000 inhabitants. Candida albicans was the most common species (61%), followed by Candida glabrata (20%) and(More)
A prospective epidemiological survey of candidaemia was performed in central Sweden from January 1998 to December 1999. In total, 191 episodes were reported with an overall rate of 0.32/1000 admissions. Candida albicans was identified in 128 cases (67%), followed by Candida glabrata in 30 (15.7%) and Candida parapsilosis in 14 (7.3%). Predisposing factors(More)
In this prospective study 197 serum and 152 urine samples were collected from 40 bone marrow and solid organ transplant recipients with clinically suspected invasive fungal infection before, during and after empirical treatment with lipid formulation of amphotericin B or fluconazole. Serum was analysed by Candida polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and urine by(More)