Lena G. Fraser

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The genus Actinidia (kiwifruit) consists of woody, scrambling vines, native to China, and only recently propagated as a commercial crop. All species described are dioecious, but the genetic mechanism for sex-determination is unknown, as is the genetic basis for many of the cluster of characteristics making up the unique fruit. It is, however, an important(More)
Kiwifruit (Actinidia spp.) are a relatively new, but economically important crop grown in many different parts of the world. Commercial success is driven by the development of new cultivars with novel consumer traits including flavor, appearance, healthful components and convenience. To increase our understanding of the genetic diversity and gene-based(More)
 Two sex-linked random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers identified from Actinidia chinensis were converted into sequence-characterised amplified regions (SCARs) for the large-scale screening of Actinidia breeding populations. Initial SCAR primers converted one RAPD (SmX) into a dominant marker, but the other (SmY), which was potentially more useful(More)
To increase the speed and reduce the cost of constructing a genetic map of Actinidia species (kiwifruit), for use in both breeding and functional genomics programmes, we sampled microsatellites from expressed sequence tags (ESTs) to evaluate their frequency of occurrence and level of polymorphism. Perfect dinucleotide repeats were the microsatellites(More)
Red colour in kiwifruit results from the presence of anthocyanin pigments. Their expression, however, is complex, and varies among genotypes, species, tissues and environments. An understanding of the biosynthesis, physiology and genetics of the anthocyanins involved, and the control of their expression in different tissues, is required. A complex, the MBW(More)
 First results from two strategies aimed at elucidating the genetics of sex in the dioecious genus Actinidia Lindl. (Actinidiaceae) support the hypothesis that sex-determining genes are localized in a pair of chromosomes which, although cytologically indistinguishable, function like an XX/XY system with male heterogamety. A. chinensis Planch., a close(More)
Allele frequencies have long been studied by biologists interested in evolution and speciation. More recently, with the application of molecular markers in human DNA profiling we have also seen the need for reliable population allele frequency estimates for making probabilistic inferences. There is now interest in applying the same DNA profiling technology(More)
Trinucleotide repeats are common within gene coding regions and could serve as beacons to locate genes. Five of the most common trinucleotide repeats in an Actinidia (kiwifruit) expressed sequence tag (EST) database were found to be (ACC)(4), (CAC)(4), (CCA)(4), (CTC)(4), and (TGG)(4). These repeats, with or without an artificial 5'-end tail, were tested by(More)
A virulent strain of Pseudomonas syringae actinidae has invaded kiwifruit (genus Actinidia) orchards in New Zealand, making the study of Actinidia resistance genes critical. Examination of expressed sequence tag (EST) libraries constructed in various species of Actinidia showed that, based on homologies to Arabidopsis, many families of resistance genes were(More)
Cysteine proteases (CPs) accumulate to high concentration in many fruit, where they are believed to play a role in fungal and insect defense. The fruit of Actinidia species (kiwifruit) exhibit a range of CP activities (e.g. the Actinidia chinensis variety YellowA shows less than 2% of the activity of Actinidia deliciosa variety Hayward). A major(More)