Lena Bokemark

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Objectives. To examine the associations between smokeless tobacco use, smoking, cardiovascular risk factors, inflammation and ultrasound-assessed measures of atherosclerosis in the carotid and femoral arteries. Subjects. The study was performed in a population-based sample of clinically healthy men (n = 391) all 58 years old. Exclusion criteria were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The apolipoprotein B (apoB)/apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) ratio is a measure of the relationship between different lipoprotein particles and a powerful predictor of coronary death. The aim was to examine whether apoB/apoA-I was associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) at baseline and also with the future change in carotid artery(More)
Antibody (Ab) titers to oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL) have been found to be independent predictors of the progression of carotid atherosclerosis. Ab titers against OxLDL may be related to the entire burden of atherosclerosis in the vascular tree or, more specifically, to the disease process in different arterial regions. Therefore, the aim of the(More)
An operative definition of the metabolic syndrome has been suggested by a working group associated with the World Health Organization in 1998. The aim of this study was to examine whether small, low density lipoprotein (LDL) particle size was associated with the metabolic syndrome and with subclinical atherosclerosis as measured by ultrasound in the carotid(More)
OBJECTIVES The main aims of the present research project were to develop and evaluate a new software program for evaluation of LDL particle size applied to the gradient gel electrophoresis methodology without the use of previous ultracentrifugation, and to investigate the relationships among LDL particle size, metabolic variables and atherosclerosis, as(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral ischemia promotes morphological reactions of the neurons, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and microglia in experimental studies. Our aim was to examine the profile of CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) biomarkers and their relation to stroke severity and degree of white matter lesions (WML). METHODS A total of 20 patients (mean age 76 years) were(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the endothelium-dependent flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD) in the brachial artery and to study the relationship to insulin sensitivity and to the metabolic syndrome in 60-year-old clinically healthy men. SUBJECTS The men were randomly selected from the general population (n = 55). The subjects with the metabolic syndrome were(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether insulin resistance was associated with ultrasound-assessed measures of atherosclerosis in men with varying degrees of obesity. DESIGN A random selection of subjects from the general population were divided into quintiles of a body mass index/blood glucose score that was shown to be a valid and reproducible index of the degree(More)
BACKGROUND Large-scale epidemiological evidence on the role of inflammation in early atherosclerosis, assessed by carotid ultrasound, is lacking. We aimed to quantify cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of inflammatory markers with common-carotid-artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) in the general population. METHODS Information on(More)
Background/Aim. Relatively few studies have investigated the association of prestroke glycemic control and clinical outcome in acute ischemic stroke (IS) patients, regardless of presence of diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of prestroke glycemic control on survival, stroke severity, and functional outcome of(More)