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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether, during injections of sterile water, there is any difference in perceived pain between intracutaneous and subcutaneous injections. DESIGN Blind controlled trial with cross-over design. SETTING Göteborg and Skövde, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS One hundred healthy female volunteers. METHODS The women were randomised into two(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies indicate that analysis of the ST waveform of the fetal electrocardiogram provides information on the fetal response to hypoxia. We did a multicentre randomised controlled trial to test the hypothesis that intrapartum monitoring with cardiotocography combined with automatic ST-waveform analysis results in an improved perinatal(More)
Personal assistants assist persons with severe disability in the performance of their daily activities. The law that covers the right to personal assistance is intended to strengthen the disabled individual's position as a member of society. The aim of the study was to describe personal assistants' conceptions of their cooperation in the rehabilitation of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM A growing responsibility on the part of individuals to make decisions in health issues implies the need of access to health information and personal skills to comprehend the information. Health literacy comprises skills in obtaining, understanding and acting on information about health issues in ways that promote and maintain health. A(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this report is to describe a new technique to fabricate and deliver an implant-supported fixed prosthesis to the patient on the day of surgery, and to propose a protocol for the prosthodontic and dental laboratory procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS The development of the Brånemark Novum prosthodontic protocol is reviewed, and(More)
AIM The purpose of the study was to describe how individuals with hypersensitivity to odours and chemicals handle their problems. BACKGROUND One group of patients we often encounter consists of those with upper and lower respiratory problems who also have a pronounced sensitivity to odours and chemicals. Earlier studies have shown that these symptoms can(More)
BACKGROUND Some women have severe low-back pain during childbirth. It has been shown that sterile water injections reduce this pain. This method, which is easy to learn and very cheap can be a good pain relief alternative primarily in countries with limited available pain relief options. AIMS The aim of this article was to describe published research(More)
BACKGROUND Two methods for pain relief and relaxation during labour are sterile water injections and acupuncture. In several studies, sterile water injections have been shown to provide good pain relief, particularly for low back pain during labour. The acupuncture studies for pain relief during labour are not as concordant. Therefore, the aim of this study(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the presence and content of local clinical guidelines for acupuncture treatment in Swedish labor and postnatal wards. DESIGN A Swedish national survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Presence and content of clinical guidelines for acupuncture. Setting. All Swedish labor and postnatal wards at the time of data collection (April 2007-March(More)
The effects of melatonin and noradrenaline (NA) on bi-directional melanosome transport were analysed in primary cultures of melanophores from the Atlantic cod. Both agents mediated rapid melanosome aggregation, and by using receptor antagonists, melatonin was found to bind to a melatonin receptor whereas NA binds to an alpha2-adrenoceptor. It has previously(More)