Two contemporary ethical dilemmas facing psychotherapists have been noted and described: cosmetic psychopharmacology and the practice of psychotherapy in a managed care environment. Regarding cosmetic psychopharmacology: It was noted that whether a psychotherapist endorses the use of psychotropic agents for cosmetic purposes, such as self-transformation,… (More)
Abs t ract Until recently case formulation was an ethereal art, in that there was 110 standard, agreed-upon fo rmat fo r conceptualizing and writing formulations. However, the increasing emphasis on accountability in psychiatric care, the trend toward theoretical integration, and the diJIiculty trainees experience in mastering formulat ion skills highlight… (More)
Two approaches to teaching the biopsychosocial approach were compared. Four outcome measures from 55 patients and 11 resident physicians support a skill-based consultative approach as a more effective teaching method than a traditional didactic method. Implications of this innovative method for the practice of medicine are briefly discussed.