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The cellular origin of a soluble phospholipid-binding protein (PBP) in rat testicular and epididymal secretions has been investigated genetically and immunologically. PBP is ubiquitous in tissue cytosols but is not present in blood serum, lymph or milk. The relatively large amounts present in cauda epididymal plasma (CEP) and rete testis fluid suggested(More)
We have cloned and sequenced cDNA corresponding to human brain phosphatidylethanolamine binding protein (PBP) and have used the resultant data to generate PBP-specific anti-peptide antisera for immunohistochemical studies. The distribution of PBP was assessed immunohistochemically in sections from multiple regions of neonatal brain and spinal cord,(More)
Phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein (PBP) has been described previously in the male reproductive tract, where it has been implicated in the biogenesis and maintenance of antigen segregation of membranes. In the present study we have used a specific antiserum to PBP to determine its expression and localisation in the adult and prepubertal rat testis and(More)
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) plays a key role in combating loss of fertility of spermatozoa due to lipid peroxidation. Here we report the sequence of a cDNA encoding a secreted form of SOD isolated from a rat epididymal library. Northern-blot analysis indicates that the corresponding transcript is expressed principally in the cauda region of the epididymis,(More)
Increasing number of sequence-related cysteine-rich membrane proteins containing metalloproteinase-like and disintegrin-like domains (the MDC protein family) have been identified in mammalian tissues. Here, we report the cloning and sequence analysis of cDNAs encoding several rat orthologues of this protein family, some of which are found to be expressed(More)
The sperm surface antigen tMDC I (also known as cyritestin) has been proposed to play a role in sperm-egg binding in the mouse via an interaction between its disintegrin-like domain and an integrin receptor on the oolemma plasma membrane. Here we report the cloning and sequence of human tMDC I transcripts and show that they are non-functional, owing to the(More)
Integrins have been proposed to play a role in mammalian sperm-oocyte interactions for many years. To a large extent this hypothesis stems from the ability of short synthetic peptides, based on the disintegrin-like domains of two sperm surface integral membrane proteins, fertilin beta and cyritestin, to inhibit sperm--oocyte binding and fusion in vitro.(More)
A number of MDC (metalloproteinase-like, disintegrin-like, cysteine-rich) proteins are exclusively or abundantly expressed on mammalian sperm from a range of species, with data from rodents supporting a role for some of these in oolemma binding. However, in the human, transcripts for three of the most likely candidates have been shown to contain deletions(More)
Epididymal glutathione peroxidase (GPX) has been suggested as a major factor in combating loss of fertility of spermatozoa due to lipid peroxidation. We report here the isolation and sequence of putative GPX cDNAs from rat (Rattus rattus) and cynomolgus-monkey (Macaca fascicularis) epididymis, which exhibit marked sequence identity with known GPXs. In both(More)
A large number of sequence-related, cysteine-rich membrane proteins containing metalloproteinase-like and disintegrin-like domains (the MDC protein family) have been identified in mammalian tissues from a variety of species. Previous studies in the macaque (Macaca fascicularis) have led to the cDNA cloning and sequence analysis of a number of MDC proteins(More)