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In recent studies we demonstrated that systemic levels of protein-bound nitrotyrosine (NO(2)Tyr) and myeloperoxidase (MPO), a protein that catalyzes generation of nitrating oxidants, serve as independent predictors of atherosclerotic risk, burden, and incident cardiac events. We now show both that apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), the primary protein constituent(More)
The cardioprotective function of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is largely attributed to its ability to facilitate transport of cholesterol from peripheral tissues to the liver. However, HDL may become dysfunctional through oxidative modification, impairing cellular cholesterol efflux. Here we report a refined molecular model of nascent discoidal HDL,(More)
We recently reported that apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), the major protein component of high density lipoprotein, is a selective target for myeloperoxidase (MPO)-catalyzed nitration and chlorination in both and serum of subjects with cardiovascular disease. We further showed that the extent of both apoA-I nitration and chlorination correlated with functional(More)
Airway hyperresponsiveness and remodeling are defining features of asthma. We hypothesized that impaired superoxide dismutase (SOD) antioxidant defense is a primary event in the pathophysiology of hyperresponsiveness and remodeling that induces apoptosis and shedding of airway epithelial cells. Mechanisms leading to apoptosis were studied in vivo and in(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of rapid growth of the residual tumor after radiofrequency (RF) ablation is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the effect of hyperthermia on HepG2 cells and generated a subline with enhanced viability and dys-regulated angiogenesis in vivo, which was used as a model to further determine the molecular mechanism of the(More)
This paper describes the use of QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe) for the extraction, cleanup and detection of 10 paralytic shellfish toxins (PSP) in sea food by HILIC-MS/MS with positive ESI. Matrix matched calibration standards were used to compensate for matrix effects. The toxins were extracted with acetonitrile/water (90:10,(More)
Atherosclerosis is a multi-factorial inflammatory disease with accumulation of lipids and recruitment of leukocytes into the subendothelial space. Due to the consistent inflammation in vessels, a subset of atherosclerotic plaques is even prone to physical disruption or producing thrombosis that triggers acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Cyclooxygenase (COX)(More)
Several studies have reported a strong association between high plasma level of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) and atherosclerosis development. However, the exact mechanism underlying this correlation is unknown. In the present study, we try to explore the impact of TMAO on endothelial dysfunction. After TMAO treatment, human umbilical vein endothelial cells(More)
AIM As the major atheroprotective particle in plasma, high-density lipoprotein(HDL) is oxidized during atherosclerotic processes. Oxidized HDL(ox-HDL) may lose its cardioprotective properties and develop a proinflammatory and proatherogenic phenotype. The proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) play a crucial role in(More)
It has been implicated that Dux4 plays crucial roles in development of facioscapulohumeral dystrophy. But the underlying myopathic mechanisms and related down-stream events of this retrogene were far from clear. Here, we reported that overexpression of Dux4 in a cell model TE671 reduced cell proliferation rate, and increased G1 phase accumulation. We also(More)