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In vitro synthesis of endoplasmic reticulum-derived transport vesicles has been reconstituted with washed membranes and three soluble proteins (Sar1p, Sec13p complex, and Sec23p complex). Vesicle formation requires GTP but can be driven by nonhydrolyzable analogs such as GMP-PNP. However, GMP-PNP vesicles fail to target and fuse with the Golgi complex(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi comprise the first two steps in protein secretion. Vesicular carriers mediate a continuous flux of proteins and lipids between these compartments, reflecting the transport of newly synthesized proteins out of the ER and the retrieval of escaped ER residents and vesicle machinery. Anterograde and retrograde(More)
We have designed an in vitro system in which Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells are cocultured in collagen gels with fibroblasts under conditions precluding heterocellular contact. Using this experimental approach, we have obtained evidence that fibroblast-derived soluble factors play a crucial role in the control of epithelial morphogenesis.(More)
The trafficking of proteins within eukaryotic cells is achieved by the capture of cargo and targeting molecules into vesicles that bud from a donor membrane and deliver their contents to a receiving department. This process is bidirectional and may involve multiple organelles within a cell. Distinct coat proteins mediate each budding event, serving both to(More)
Formation of non-clathrin-coated vesicles requires the recruitment of several cytosolic factors to the Golgi membrane. To identify membrane proteins involved in this budding process, a highly abundant type I transmembrane protein (p23) was isolated from mammalian Golgi-derived COPI-coated vesicles, and its cDNA was cloned and sequenced. It belongs to the(More)
We have previously shown that Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells grown in collagen gels in the presence of fibroblasts or fibroblast-conditioned medium (CM) form branching tubules, instead of the spherical cysts that develop under control conditions. We now report that the fibroblast-derived molecule responsible for epithelial tubulogenesis(More)
Addition of brefeldin A (BFA) to most cells results in both the formation of extensive, uncoated membrane tubules through which Golgi components redistribute into the ER and the failure to transport molecules out of this mixed ER/Golgi system. In this study we provide evidence that suggests BFA's effects are not limited to the Golgi apparatus but are(More)
To determine the mechanism of the cardiac dilatation and reduced contractility of obese Zucker Diabetic Fatty rats, myocardial triacylglycerol (TG) was assayed chemically and morphologically. TG was high because of underexpression of fatty acid oxidative enzymes and their transcription factor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha. Levels of(More)
Isolated Golgi membranes incubated in the presence of ATP and a cytosolic protein fraction form a population of coated buds or vesicles from the Golgi cisternae. The coats do not have the characteristic hexagonal-pentagonal basketwork of clathrin, and do not react with anti-clathrin polyclonal antibody. The conditions that produce these apparently(More)
COPII vesicle formation requires only three coat assembly subunits: Sar1p, Sec13/31p, and Sec23/24p. PI 4-phosphate or PI 4,5-bisphosphate is required for the binding of these proteins to liposomes. The GTP-bound form of Sar1p recruits Sec23/24p to the liposomes as well as to the ER membranes, and this Sar1p-Sec23/24p complex is required for the binding of(More)