Leland Wayne Dochterman

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Brain and cardiac tissue was examined for pathological changes from rats that survived 24 hrs following exposure to a convulsant dose of the nerve agent soman. The animals had been treated following varying durations of seizure activity (2.5 - 40 min) with a number of different compounds that did or did not terminate the seizure. Moderate to severe(More)
Cyclohexylmethylphosphonofluoridate (CMPF) is an organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor with military significance. The purpose of these studies was 1) to determine the acute toxicity of CMPF in the male rhesus monkey, 2) to evaluate the efficacy of pyridostigmine (PYR) pretreatment plus atropine and oxime (2-PAM or HI6) treatment, and 3) to evaluate the(More)
The carcinogenic potential of naveglitazar, a gamma-dominant peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha/gamma dual agonist, was evaluated in a two-year study in F344 rats (0, 0.3, 1.0, or 3.0 mg/kg, males; 0, 0.1, 0.3, or 1.0 mg/kg, females). Increased mortality in male rats of the high-dose group was related to cardiac-associated lesions,(More)
Repeated inhalation exposure to octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) produces a reversible and dose-related hepatomegaly and proliferation of hepatic endoplasmic reticulum in rats. However, the effects of D4 on the expression of cytochrome P450 enzymes have not been evaluated. In the present study, the time course for changes in hepatic microsomal cytochrome(More)
Hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDS) is a volatile linear siloxane dimer used in many applications, including precision cleaning, active ingredient carrier, and as a manufacturing intermediate. The purpose of this study was to characterize the subchronic vapor inhalation toxicity of the material as part of a comprehensive toxicology program. Groups of 20 male and 20(More)
In mice, hyaline droplets in renal proximal tubules have been associated with histiocytic sarcoma but have not been reported with lymphoma. Tissues from CD-1 mice in a 2-year carcinogenicity bioassay were examined microscopically. Twenty-five mice with hyaline droplets in renal tubules were identified. Immunohistochemistry to detect IgA, IgG, IgM, lysozyme,(More)
Administration of lersivirine, a nonnucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor, daily by oral gavage to Sprague-Dawley rats for up to 2 yr was associated with decreased survival, decreased body weights, and an increase in neoplasms and related proliferative lesions in the liver, thyroid, kidney, and urinary bladder. Thyroid follicular adenoma and carcinoma,(More)
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