Leland Miller

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A relatively simple technique was used to estimate the size of the combined pools of zinc with which plasma zinc exchanges within 2 d (EZP). EZP size was determined from the amount of isotope introduced into the plasma and the coefficient of the simple exponential decay function fitting enrichment data between d 3 and 9 after isotope administration. Using(More)
The objective of this study was to determine fractional absorption of exogenous zinc and intestinal excretion of endogenous zinc in women of childbearing age whose habitual dietary zinc intake was marginal. The target population (L group) comprised residents of a remote farming village in northeast China and the control subjects (M group) were residents of(More)
The quantities of zinc and phytate in the diet are the primary factors determining zinc absorption. A mathematical model of zinc absorption as a function of dietary zinc and phytate can be used to predict dietary zinc requirements and, potentially, enhance our understanding of zinc absorption. Our goal was to develop a model of practical and informative(More)
BACKGROUND Zinc supplements are used extensively in medicine and research and for public health purposes in the prevention and treatment of zinc deficiency. However, little is known about the efficiency of zinc utilization after different doses. OBJECTIVE The objective was to determine the relation between dose of aqueous zinc and absorbed zinc (AZ) in(More)
BACKGROUND Little is yet known about zinc absorption in late pregnancy, and no information on absorption from the total diet is available. OBJECTIVE The objective was to measure the fractional absorption of zinc (FAZ) and to estimate the total quantity of absorbed zinc (TAZ) each day during the third trimester of pregnancy in poor rural southern Ethiopian(More)
Biofortification of crops that provide major food staples to large, poor rural populations offers an appealing strategy for diminishing public health problems attributable to micronutrient deficiencies. The objective of this first-stage human study was to determine the increase in quantity of zinc (Zn) absorbed achieved by biofortifying wheat with Zn.(More)
A compartmental model of zinc metabolism has been developed from stable isotope tracer studies of five healthy adults. Multiple isotope tracers were administered orally and intravenously, and the resulting enrichment was measured in plasma, erythrocytes, urine, and feces for as long as 3 wk. Data from total zinc measurements and model-independent(More)
Zinc has earned recognition recently as a micronutrient of outstanding and diverse biological, clinical, and global public health importance. Regulation of absorption by zinc transporters in the enterocyte, together with saturation kinetics of the absorption process into and across the enterocyte, are the principal means by which whole-body zinc homeostasis(More)
BACKGROUND Zinc and iron may share common pathways for absorption and compete for uptake into mucosal cells. We determined whether elevated ratios of zinc to iron would interfere with erythrocyte incorporation of iron in premature infants both during and between feeds. METHODS In the first experiment, five premature infants (<2500 g birth weight) were(More)
Low plasma zinc concentrations have been reported in approximately 30% of young infants with cystic fibrosis identified by newborn screening. The objective of this study was to examine zinc homeostasis in this population by application of stable isotope methodology. Fifteen infants with cystic fibrosis (9 male, 6 female; 7 breast-fed, 8 formula-fed) were(More)