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Genomic DNA in a bacterial cell is folded into a compact structure called a nucleoid, and nucleoid-associated proteins are responsible for proper assembly of active higher-order genome structures. The human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori express a nucleoid-associated protein encoded by the hup gene, which is the homolog to the Escherichia coli… (More)
UNLABELLED The prominent host muramidase lysozyme cleaves bacterial peptidoglycan (PG), and the enzyme is abundant in mucosal secretions. The lytic enzyme susceptibility of Gram-negative bacteria and mechanisms they use to thwart lytic enzyme activity are poorly studied. We previously characterized a Helicobacter pylori PG modification enzyme, an… (More)
An oxidative stress-induced enzyme, peptidoglycan deacetylase (PgdA), in the human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori was previously identified and characterized. In this study, we constructed H. pylori pgdA mutants in two mouse-adapted strains, X47 and B128, to investigate the role of PgdA in vivo (to determine the mutants' abilities to colonize mice and… (More)
Two pathways for DNA recombination, AddAB (RecBCD-like) and RecRO, were identified in Helicobacter pylori, a pathogenic bacterium that colonizes human stomachs resulting in a series of gastric diseases. In this study, we examined the physiological roles of H. pylori RecRO pathway in DNA recombinational repair. We characterized H. pylori single mutants in… (More)
The CRISPR-Cas systems provide invader defense in a wide variety of prokaryotes, as well as technologies for many powerful applications. The Type III-A or Csm CRISPR-Cas system is one of the most widely distributed across prokaryotic phyla, and cleaves targeted DNA and RNA molecules. In this work, we have constructed modules of Csm systems from 3 bacterial… (More)
This simple method for removal of a chest tube allows a single operator to achieve a good seal upon completion of the maneuver. It has been a reliable and safe procedure in our hands. Patient tolerance of this uncomfortable procedure is enhanced by the rapid sealing and dressing of the wound in one step.