Leith Balfour

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INTRODUCTION Transanal repair of anterior rectocoele is a well described technique with variable success rate. In our department we offer repair to patients who fit the following criteria; the need to self digitate (transvaginal or perineal); a large rectocoele; a nonemptying rectocoele. Using these selection criteria previous authors have shown excellent(More)
PURPOSE Patients consider hemorrhoidectomy to be a painful operation. Attempts to reduce the length of inpatient stay have concentrated mainly on a reduction in postoperative pain. Metronidazole has been shown to reduce pain after open hemorrhoidectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of metronidazole after closed hemorrhoidectomy. (More)
PURPOSE One-third of patients who suffer from idiopathic fecal incontinence are found to have maximum mean resting pressures within the normal range. The objective of this study was to determine whether measuring the gradient of pressure at rest throughout the anal canal is a more sensitive predictor of incontinence in these patients. METHODS Anorectal(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Autobac (Pfizer Inc., New York, N.Y.) urine screen for detection of bacteriuria in 3,026 urine specimens and to establish the optimum procedure for the Autobac system. Overall, 97% of urine specimens having greater than 10(5) colony-forming units (CFU) per ml were detected within 5 h(More)
Several instruments for automated or semiautomated susceptibility testing are currently available. Three of these instruments, Autobac (General Diagnostics, Warner-Lambert Co., Morris Plains, N.J.), MS-2 (Abbott Laboratories, Dallas, Tex.), and AutoMicrobic system (AMS) (Vitek, Inc., Hazelwood, Mo.) were compared for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of(More)
We studied 29 children, aged 19 months to 16 years, prior to and after 18-24 hours of oral penicillin therapy to confirm the rapid disappearance of detectable pharyngeal antigen and to determine whether the antigen detectable by commercially available kits was excreted into the urine. Patients were recruited based on the presence of pharyngitis, no(More)
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