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Chimeric bacterial genes conferring resistance to aminoglycoside antibiotics have been inserted into the Agrobacterium tumefaciens tumor-inducing (Ti) plasmid and introduced into plant cells by in vitro transformation techniques. The chimeric genes contain the nopaline synthase 5' and 3' regulatory regions joined to the genes for neomycin phosphotransferase(More)
A small region of the Ti plasmid (the tmr locus), thought to be involved in phytohormone metabolism in Agrobacterium tumefaciens-transformed plant tissue, was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. By enzyme assay, the tmr locus was shown to encode isopentenyltransferase, an enzyme that catalyzes the first step in cytokinin biosynthesis.
Tomato golden mosaic virus (TGMV) belongs to the geminivirus subgroup that is characterized by a split genome consisting of two single-stranded circular DNAs. The TGMV A genome component encodes the virus coat protein as well as all of the functions necessary for viral DNA replication. Analysis of the nucleotide sequence indicates that the TGMV A component(More)
The geminiviruses are a unique group of higher plant viruses that are composed of twin isometric particles which contain circular, single-stranded DNA. Tomato golden mosaic virus (TGMV), a whitefly-transmitted agent, belongs to the subgroup of geminiviruses whose members possess a bipartite genome. The TGMV A genome component has the capacity to encode at(More)
Phenotypically normal petunia plants carrying chromosomal inserts of either the tomato golden mosaic virus (TGMV) A or the B component DNA, as single or tandem inserts, were obtained using an Agrobacterium tumefaciens Ti plasmid-based transformation system. Southern hybridization analysis revealed that the tandem, direct-repeat A plants contained free(More)
We have adapted the "agroinfection" procedure of Grimsley and co-workers [4,5] to develop a simple, efficient, reproducible infectivity assay for the insect-transmitted, split-genome geminivirus, tomato golden mosaic virus (TGMV). Agrobacterium T-DNA vectors provide efficient delivery of both components of TGMV when used in mixed inoculation of wild-type(More)
The predominant cellular target of the herbicide glyphosate is thought to be the enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphoric acid synthase (EPSP synthase). As a means of biologically testing this finding, we cloned a segment of DNA from Escherichia coli that encodes this enzyme. Clones carrying the gene for EPSP synthase were identified by genetic(More)
Phosphopantothenoylcysteine decarboxylase (PPC-DC) catalyzes the decarboxylation of the cysteine moiety of 4'-phosphopantothenoylcysteine (PPC) to form 4'-phosphopantetheine (PPantSH); this reaction forms part of the biosynthesis of coenzyme A. The enzyme is a member of the larger family of cysteine decarboxylases including the lantibiotic-biosynthesizing(More)
Pantothenate kinase (PanK) catalyzes the first step in the five-step universal pathway of coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthesis, a key transformation that generally also regulates the intracellular concentration of CoA through feedback inhibition. A novel PanK protein encoded by the gene coaX was recently identified that is distinct from the previously(More)
5-enol-Pyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSP synthase, EPSPS), an in vivo enzyme target of the herbicide glyphosate (N-phosphonomethyl glycine), was purified from a Petunia hybrida suspension culture line, MP4-G, by a small-scale high-performance chromatographic purification procedure. The cDNA encoding the mature petunia EPSPS (lacking the(More)