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Deletions on chromosome 22q11.21 disrupt pharyngeal and cardiac development and cause DiGeorge and related human syndromes. CRKL (CRK-Like) lies within 22q11.21, and Crkl-/- mice have phenotypic features of 22q11 deletion (del22q11) syndromes. While human FGF8 does not localize to 22q11, deficiency of Fgf8 also generates many features of del22q11 syndrome(More)
Induction of gene silencing using intracellularly expressed silencing triggers has been explored for large-scale loss-of-function screening, creation of knockdown cell lines or knockdown animals, and disease intervention. In all of these applications, the use of highly potent silencing constructs can maximize the possibility of obtaining target knockdown(More)
Validating potential targets is an important step in the drug discovery process. In this study, we tested the feasibility of using inducible RNA interference (RNAi) in vivo to obtain an unbiased evaluation on the efficacy of inhibiting hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) in established tumors. We showed that HIF-1alpha inhibition resulted in(More)
The adapter protein Crk-Like (CrkL) can associate with the Src substrate p130(Cas) (Cas). The biological role of CrkL downstream of Cas, however, has been largely obscure. Consistent with the ability of CrkL to biochemically associate with Cas, we found that Src triggers translocation of CrkL to focal adhesions (FAs) in a manner dependent on Cas. Forced(More)
BACKGROUND RNA interference (RNAi) is a promising new therapeutic modality. By acting at the mRNA level, RNAi circumvents the druggability issue associated with many disease-driven genes. The lack of safe and effective methods to deliver RNAi therapeutics remains the primary technical hurdle that prevents full utilization of the potential of RNAi therapy.(More)
PURPOSE Inhibiting hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) represents a unique mechanism for cancer therapy. It is conceived that HIF-1 inhibitors may synergize with many classes of cancer therapeutic agents, such as angiogenesis inhibitors and cytotoxic drugs, to achieve a more robust tumor response. However, these hypotheses have not been rigorously tested in(More)
Validating potential targets is an important step in the drug discovery process. In this study, we tested the feasibility of using inducible RNA interference (RNAi) in vivo to obtain an unbiased evaluation on the efficacy of inhibiting hypoxiainducible factor-1A (HIF-1A) in established tumors. We showed that HIF-1A inhibition resulted in transient tumor(More)
Members of the Src family of tyrosine kinases function to phosphorylate focal adhesion (FA) proteins. To explore the overlapping functions of Src kinases, we have targeted Csk, a negative regulator of the Src family, to FA structures. Expression of FA-targeted Csk (FA-Csk) effectively reduced the active form (nonphosphorylated at the C-terminal regulatory(More)
Aurora kinase B inhibitors induce apoptosis secondary to polyploidization and have entered clinical trials as an emerging class of neocytotoxic chemotherapeutics. We demonstrate here that polyploidization neutralizes Mcl-1 function, rendering cancer cells exquisitely dependent on Bcl-XL/-2. This "addiction" can be exploited therapeutically by combining(More)
Delivering small interfering RNA (siRNA) to tumors is the major technical hurdle that prevents the advancement of siRNA-based cancer therapy. One of the difficulties associated with the development of clinically relevant delivery systems is the lack of reliable tools for monitoring siRNA delivery to tumors in vivo. We describe here a novel, positive-readout(More)