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BACKGROUND ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters protect cells against unrelated (toxic) substances by pumping them across cell membranes. Earlier we showed that many ABC transporters are highly expressed in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) compared to more committed progenitor cells. The ABC transporter expression signature may guarantee lifelong(More)
We explore the extent to which the decisions of participants in a speculative market effectively account for information contained in prices and price movements. The horserace betting market is chosen as an ideal environment to explore these issues. A conditional logit model is constructed to determine winning probabilities based on bookmakers' closing(More)
Bactericidal permeability-increasing protein (BPI) and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) belong to the lipid transfer protein/lipopolysaccharide-binding protein family and play a critical role in the innate immune response to Gram-negative bacteria. In the present study, a novel BPI/LBP from blunt snout bream, Megalobrama amblycephala (maBPI/LBP) was(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are central players in the innate immune system in response to a wide range of pathogen infection. Among various TLRs, TLR4 plays a key role in recognition of bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS). In the present study, we identified and characterized a novel TLR4 homologue (maTLR4b) in blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala)(More)
This paper introduced and adopted multispectrum imaging analysis to conduct the corresponding research and the exploration for the purpose of effectively solving the problems of printing identification such as credentials, bills, legal documents and so on. In addition, it designed and had realized a method to identify printing that had laid a foundation for(More)
Weeding and fertilization are important farming practices. Integrated weed management should protect or improve the biodiversity of farmland weed communities for a better ecological environment with not only increased crop yield, but also reduced use of herbicides. This study hypothesized that appropriate fertilization would benefit both crop growth and the(More)
Lipopolysaccharide induced TNFα factor (LITAF) is an important transcription factor responsible for regulation of tumor necrosis factor α. In this study, a novel litaf gene (designated as Malitaf) was identified and characterized from blunt snout bream, Megalobrama amblycephala. The full-length cDNA of Malitaf was of 956 bp, encoding a polypeptide of 161(More)
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