Leila Nikniaz

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OBJECTIVE In an attempt to investigate new strategies aimed at reducing inflammation in osteoarthritis, the anti-inflammatory effect of Elaeagnus angustifolia L. as a complementary treatment was evaluated in females with knee osteoarthritis. METHOD In this clinical trial, 90 females with mild to moderate osteoarthritis were assigned to two intervention(More)
In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 80 lactating mothers were randomly divided into two groups to receive daily supplement of synbiotic (n = 40) or a placebo (n = 40) for 30 days. Information on dietary intake was collected and anthropometric measurements were taken using standard calibrated instruments. Data analysis was carried out(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between breast milk fat content with maternal anthropometric status, energy and macronutrient intake and weight for age Z-score of exclusively breastfed infants. Breast milk samples and information on energy and macronutrients intake (using 24-hour recall method for 3 days) were collected from 182(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to determine the effects of synbiotic (probiotic plus prebiotic) supplementation on total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels of human breastmilk. SUBJECTS AND METHODS In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 80 lactating mothers were randomly divided into two(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the exposure of lactating mothers to aflatoxins using aflatoxin M1 in breast milk as a biomarker for exposure and to detect its determining factors and possible effects on child growth. A 9% sample of 2022 lactating women who exclusively breastfed their infants, including 91 lactating women of urban areas of Tabriz city(More)
The aims of this study were to determine the effect of breast milk zinc, copper, and iron concentrations on infants’ growth and their possible correlations with maternal dietary intake. Milk samples and information on food intake were collected from 182 lactating women. Concentrations of zinc, copper, and iron in milk were analyzed using atomic absorption(More)
BACKGROUND As breast milk micronutrients content are essential for health and growth of the infants, this study was conducted to determine the breast milk zinc, copper and iron concen-trations and their possible correlations with maternal nutritional status, dietary intakes as well as socioeconomic status. METHODS Breast milk samples and information on(More)
BACKGROUND Effects of probiotics on the immunological composition of breast milk have been investigated in a few previous studies. OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to determine the effects of synbiotic (probiotic plus prebiotic) supplementation on immunoglobulin A (IgA), transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), and transforming growth factor β2(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of infants' birth order, maternal age, and socioeconomic status (SES) on birth weight. METHODS This cross-sectional study included a sample of 858 mothers recruited over a 6-month period in 2010, in a defined population of 9 urban health centers, and who were admitted for their infants' first vaccination. Maternal(More)
PROJECT The aim of this study was to determine the effects of zinc supplementation on serum zinc and leptin levels as well as on anthropometric status and some biochemical parameters in hemodialysis (HD) patients. PROCEDURE In this randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial, sixty HD patients were randomly divided into groups to receive a(More)