Leila M. Blackman

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A critical aspect of plant infection by the majority of pathogens is penetration of the plant cell wall. This process requires the production and secretion of a broad spectrum of pathogen enzymes that target and degrade the many complex polysaccharides in the plant cell wall. As a necessary framework for a study of the expression of cell wall degrading(More)
Antibodies against centrin, the ubiquitous calcium-binding contractile protein, recognized a 17 kDa protein in extracts of onion root tips and cauliflower florets. Using immunofluorescence microscopy, anti-centrin antibodies were localized to the developing cell plate of onion and cauliflower root tip cells. In cauliflower florets, these antibodies(More)
The actin cytoskeleton and associated actin-binding proteins form a complex network involved in a number of fundamental cellular processes including intracellular trafficking. In plants, both actin and myosin have been localised to plasmodesmata, and thus it is likely that other actin-binding proteins are also associated with plasmodesmata structure or(More)
Plasmodesmata are channels that bridge the cell walls of plant cells, allowing regulated transport of molecules between neighbouring cells. We have used a proteomic strategy to identify putative plasmodesmata-associated proteins in the giant-celled green alga Chara corallina. Proteins were extracted from the plasmodesmata-rich nodal complexes and the middle(More)
Three polypeptides with manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) activity were found in mycelium, zoospores and germinated cysts of Phytophthora nicotianae. Their relative molecular weights in non-denaturing gels were approximately 34.5, 36 and 50 kDa. No evidence for the presence of either iron or copper/zinc SODs was detected at any of the developmental(More)
Plant defence against pathogen attack typically incorporates an oxidative burst involving elevated levels of reactive oxygen species such as hydrogen peroxide. In the present study, we have used an in-gel assay to monitor the activity of the hydrogen peroxide scavenging enzyme, catalase, during asexual development of Phytophthora nicotianae and during(More)
RNA-Seq analysis has shown that over 60% (12,962) of the predicted transcripts in the Phytophthora parasitica genome are expressed during the first 60 h of lupin root infection. The infection transcriptomes included 278 of the 431 genes encoding P. parasitica cell wall degrading enzymes. The transcriptome data provide strong evidence of global(More)
Cortical microtubules in callus derived fromPisum sativum roots form parallel arrays within cells but are randomly oriented across the tissue. These arrays align perpendicular to the direction of an applied electric field of 6 mV per cell. Application of a field of 6 mV per cell for 4 days resulted in the co-ordinated expansion of cells parallel to the(More)
Phytophthora diseases cause widespread economic and environmental losses worldwide. Thousands of plant species are susceptible. Disease is typically initiated through the activity of motile, biflagellate zoospores. Plant penetration and colonisation are achieved through the secretion of a diverse range of cell wall-degrading enzymes and effector proteins.(More)
The cytoskeleton orchestrates many processes in plant development, including division and control of the direction of cell expansion, and is therefore central in the coordination of plant growth. There are a number of situations in which there is a precise alignment of the cytoskeleton, in particular microtubules, between neighboring cells. However, it is(More)