Leila Laouar

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The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of cryopreservation on the components of articular cartilage (AC) matrix by utilizing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and biochemical assessments. Porcine AC (10mm osteochondral dowels) was collected into four groups - (1) phosphate buffered saline (PBS) control, (2) PBS snap frozen in liquid(More)
Vitrification of articular cartilage (AC) could enhance tissue availability but requires high concentrations of cyroprotective agents (CPAs). This study investigated relative injuries caused by commonly used CPAs. We hypothesized that the in situ chondrocyte dose-injury relationships of five commonly used CPAs are nonlinear and that relative injuries could(More)
BACKGROUND Meniscal cartilage displays a poor repair capacity, especially when injury is located in the avascular region of the tissue. Cell-based tissue engineering strategies to generate functional meniscus substitutes is a promising approach to treat meniscus injuries. Meniscus fibrochondrocytes (MFC) can be used in this approach. However, MFC are unable(More)
We have analyzed proteasomal adaptation and associated changes in the B27-bound peptide repertoire in response to cellular invasion with Salmonella. The peptide repertoire of HLA-B27 complexes was analyzed by two different methods: (i) high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) profiles of newly synthesized peptides eluted from B27 following metabolic(More)
Articular cartilage injuries do not heal and large defects result in osteoarthritis with major personal and socioeconomic costs. Osteochondral transplantation is an effective treatment for large joint defects but its use is limited by the inability to store cartilage for long periods of time. Cryopreservation/vitrification is one method to enable banking of(More)
BACKGROUND Animal models are commonly used in investigating new treatment options for knee joint injuries including injuries to the meniscus. The reliability and applicability of these models to replicate findings in humans depends on determining the most suitable animal proxy. Therefore, this study was designed to compare the wet weight, volume and(More)
A 49-year-old woman with right knee pain and a chondral defect on the medial femoral condyle underwent an osteochondral transfer. The patient initially had pain relief, but then sustained a twisting injury and had progressive chondromalacia and pain on the affected side. She subsequently underwent a total knee replacement, and the tissue from the(More)
The development of a long-term storage method for meniscus, a complex tissue of the knee prone to injury, would improve the procedure and outcomes of meniscus transplantation. Cryopreservation uses cryoprotective agents (CPAs) including ethylene glycol (EG) and glycerol to preserve a variety of live tissues, and understanding of the CPA permeation kinetics(More)
High concentrations of cryoprotective agents are required for cryopreservation techniques such as vitrification. Glycerol is a common cryoprotective agent used in cryopreservation protocols but this agent is toxic at high concentrations. This work is an attempt to mitigate the toxic effects of high concentrations of glycerol on intact chondrocytes in human(More)
The effects of the non-ionic surfactant, Pluronic F-68, on the growth of callus and protoplasts from Solanum dulcamara L. have been studied. Growth of callus was stimulated by addition of 0.1% (w/v) commercial grade Pluronic to culture medium, whereas lower concentrations (0.01% w/v) had no corresponding effect. In contrast, higher concentrations (1.0% w/v)(More)