Leila Koulivand

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Cystinuria is an inherited disease characterized by the formation of cystine calculi in the kidneys, ureters,  and bladder. Cystinuria is associated with mutation in the SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 genes. These defects prevent appropriate reabsorption of dibasic amino acids lysine, ornithine, and arginine. Cystinuria is classified as type I (silent heterozygotes) and(More)
Cystinuria is an autosomal inherited disorder of renal reabsorption of cystine, arginine, lysine, and ornithine. Increased urinary excretion of cystine results in the formation of kidney stones. Considering the few studies on the genetic basis of the cystinuria in the Middle East and the population-specific distribution of mutations in the SLC3A1 and SLC7A9(More)
Cystinuria, one of the first inborn errors of metabolism, is characterized by hyperexcretion of cystine, arginine, lysine, and ornithine into urine. Cystinuria is genetically classified into types A and B. Mutations in the SLC3A1 gene lead to type A, and type B is caused by mutations in the SLC7A9 gene. We described a 19-year-old woman that had early onset(More)
BACKGROUND Migraine is the most common chronic neurological disorders that may be associated with vasodilatation. According to the role of prostaglandin I2 (prostacyclin) receptor (PTGIR) in migraine as a receptor, which acts in vasodilatation, we decided to study the changes of PTGIR expression in migraine patients in relation to a suitable control group.(More)
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