Leila J. Arens

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We have performed selective posterior rhizotomies on 60 children with cerebral palsy. The procedure involves lumbar laminectomy with stimulation of the rootlets (fascicles) of the second lumbar to the first sacral posterior roots bilaterally; those rootlets associated with an abnormal motor response, as evidenced by sustained or diffused muscular(More)
Twenty children with increased muscle tone of cerebral origin have been subjected to selective posterior spinal rootlet section. A significant reduction in tone resulting in improvement in motor function was achieved in every case. The first 15 cases are reviewed in detail. The procedure is of value not only in the intelligent ambulant patient but also in(More)
OBJECT Selective dorsal rhizotomy is a neurosurgical procedure performed for the relief of spasticity in children with cerebral palsy, but its long-term functional efficacy is still unknown. The authors sought to address this issue by means of an objective, prospective study in which quantitative gait analysis was used. METHODS Eleven children with(More)
Fifty-one spastic children who had undergone selective posterior lumbar rhizotomy between 1981 and 1984 were re-examined to determine whether the gains achieved had persisted and to look at other aspects that had not previously been explored in detail. The reduction of tone was maintained in all cases, while motor function continued to improve in 42 cases.(More)
One hundred and sixty-eight patients had selective lumbosacral posterior rhizotomies for the treatment of cerebral palsy spasticity at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and Groote Schuur Hospital during the 10-year period 1981-1991. There was no mortality and insignificant early postoperative morbidity. Long-term follow-up on 110 patients has(More)
The outcome of 30 teenagers and young adults who have had selective posterior lumbosacral rhizotomy for cerebral palsy spasticity was analysed. This age group was selected because the full benefits of physiotherapy and maturation of the central nervous system would be likely to have accrued prior to rhizotomy and the post-operative function could be related(More)
Of 163 children who have undergone five-level lumbosacral laminectomies for selective posterior rhizotomy, 20% of those re-X-rayed post-operatively (19/99) have developed incidental isthmic spondylolysis or grade I spondylolisthesis. The majority of patients were ambulatory, active, spastic diplegics. There were five children with isthmic defects at L3-4,(More)
Three children with ataxia-telangiectasia have been followed up since their early childhood. Sequential immunological, biochemical and chromosome studies have been performed over the last 7 years. All the children showed progressive cerebellar ataxia and inexorable neurological deterioration. Further evidence for the progressive nature of this condition is(More)
Fifty-five children with cerebral palsy had multiple-level laminectomies for selective posterior rhizotomies for the relief of spasticity. They were followed up clinically and radiologically to assess their spinal stability and the possible development of post-laminectomy deformity of the spine. The majority of the deformities found were related to cerebral(More)