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Aims. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are important therapeutic drugs in multiple myeloma and cancers with bone metastases. Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (BRONJ) has been described as a potential side effect of the last generation BPs. The Authors evaluated clinical features, preventing measures and treatment strategies.Patients and methods. The(More)
Since osteonecrosis of the jaw was related to biphosphonate administration by Marx, studies showing clinical symptoms, drug and surgical therapies overwhelmed the literature. Furthermore, the literature demonstrated the correlation between chronic biphosphonate adsumption and osteonecrosis of the jaw onset. Nitrogen-containing biphosphonates are widely used(More)
AIM Growth factors (GFs) as platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) and transforming growth factor (TGF-beta), found in platelet beta-granules also present in platelet-rich-plasma (PRP), accelerate bone revascularization and regeneration and for this reason they have been employed successfully in dental and maxillofacial surgery. Platelet concentrate is(More)
Osteoporosis is a systemic disease in which the skeletal condition is characterized by a decreased mass of normally mineralized bone, due to an augmentation of bone resorption processes. Bone biomarkers serum are used for the diagnosis. On the other hand the main cause of the resorption in the bone jaws are periodontitis, inflammatory cysts, developmental(More)
The edentulism of the jaws and the periodontal disease represent conditions that frequently leads to disruption of the alveolar bone. The loss of the tooth and of its bone of support lead to the creation of crestal defects or situation of maxillary atrophy. The restoration of a functional condition involves the use of endosseous implants who require(More)
There is both clinical and experimental evidence for the antigastric effect of calcitonin. A study was therefore made of gastric secretion after maximum insulin stimulation, and during its inhibition by calcitonin. Evaluation of basal acid flow and the maximum acidity peak in these two tests showed that the difference between the two peaks was related to(More)
BACKGROUND The chemical, physical, and morphologic characteristics of the implant surface play a fundamental role during the osteointegration process. Implant design is of paramount importance in determining implant primary stability and implant ability to sustain loading during and after osteointegration. LASER treatment of the surface allows defining the(More)
Basal secretion and the acidity peak have been evaluated in ulcerous patients during pentagastrinic stimulation and during atropinic inhibition, on the basis of the observations of Schofield et al. and in relation to the need to achieve correct identification and quantification of hydrochloric acid gastric secretive function. The results obtained with this(More)
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