Leike Xie

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PURPOSE Pax6 is a transcription factor necessary for the specification and subsequent formation of the ocular lens. It is expressed in all lens cells at early stages of development. After lens formation, Pax6 expression is maintained in the lens epithelium, whereas its level abruptly decreases in differentiated fiber cells. This study is to test the(More)
PURPOSE Insulin and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are putative regulators of cell proliferation and differentiation during lens development. Transgenic mice that overexpress IGF-1 in the lens have been previously described. To further understand the ocular functions of this growth factor family, the in vivo effects of insulin expression on lens(More)
PURPOSE Both the -366/+43 and the -282/+43 mouse alphaA-crystallin (or alphaA) promoters have been effective at driving transgene expression in lens fiber cells, but not in lens epithelium. Because the chick delta1-crystallin gene is expressed in lens epithelial cells, an enhancer was borrowed from this gene and linked to the alphaA promoter. This(More)
PURPOSE Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) after cataract surgery is due in part to proliferation of the adhering lens epithelial cells and transdifferentiation into mesenchymal cells. The histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, trichostatin A (TSA) and vorinostat (suberoylanilidehydroxamic acid [SAHA]) are known to modulate cell proliferation and(More)
PURPOSE Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) is an important cytokine in corneal development and wound healing. Transgenic mice that express an active form of human TGFbeta1 driven by a lens-specific promoter were used in the current study to determine the biological effects of lens-derived TGFbeta1 on postnatal corneal development and homeostasis. (More)
It has been shown that αA-mini-chaperone, a peptide representing the chaperone binding site in αA-crystallin, prevents destabilized protein aggregation. αA-Mini-chaperone has been shown to form amyloid fibrils. This study was undertaken to improve the stability of αA-mini-chaperone while preserving its anti-aggregation activity by fusing the flexible and(More)
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