Leihua Liu

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Trastuzumab antitumor activity in ErbB2-overexpressing breast cancers seems to be dependent upon the presence of phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), a phosphatase that dampens phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt signaling. Consequently, PTEN deficiency, which occurs in 50% of breast cancers, predicts for resistance to trastuzumab(More)
In breast cancer, overexpression of ErbB2 or aberrant regulation of survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis family, is associated with resistance to chemo/hormone therapy and predicts for a poor clinical outcome. A functional link between the two predictive factors has not been previously shown. Here, using genetic and pharmacologic approaches to(More)
The human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) oncogene is an attractive therapeutic target for the treatment of HER2-addicted tumors. Although lapatinib, an FDA-approved small-molecule HER2 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), represents a significant therapeutic advancement in the(More)
The widespread clinical use of therapies targeting the ErbB2 receptor tyrosine kinase oncogene represents a significant advance in breast cancer treatment. However, the development of therapeutic resistance represents a dilemma limiting their clinical efficacy, particularly small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors that block ErbB2 autophosphorylation and(More)
Photo-activation of psoralen with UVA irradiation, referred to as PUVA, is used in the treatment of proliferative skin disorders. The anti-proliferative effects of PUVA have been largely attributed to psoralen intercalation of DNA, which upon UV treatment, triggers the formation of interstrand DNA crosslinks (ICL) that inhibit transcription and DNA(More)
With its unique structure, the Akiyama probe is a type of tuning fork atomic force microscope probe. The long, soft cantilever makes it possible to measure soft samples in tapping mode. In this article, some characteristics of the probe at its second eigenmode are revealed by use of finite element analysis (FEA) and experiments in a standard atmosphere.(More)
This work investigates X-PACT (X-ray Psoralen Activated Cancer Therapy): a new approach for the treatment of solid cancer. X-PACT utilizes psoralen, a potent anti-cancer therapeutic with current application to proliferative disease and extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) of cutaneous T Cell Lymphoma. An immunogenic role for light-activated psoralen has been(More)
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