Leighton Coates

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Current proposals for the catalytic mechanism of aspartic proteinases are largely based on X-ray structures of bound oligopeptide inhibitors possessing nonhydrolyzable analogues of the scissile peptide bond. However, the positions of protons on the catalytic aspartates and the ligand in these complexes have not been determined with certainty. Thus, our(More)
Inositol monophosphatase is a key enzyme of the phosphatidylinositol signalling pathway and the putative target of the mood-stabilizing drug lithium. The crystal structure of bovine inositol monophosphatase has been determined at 1.4 A resolution in complex with the physiological magnesium ion ligands. Three magnesium ions are octahedrally coordinated at(More)
All eight enzymes required for de novo heme biosynthesis have been predicted from the nuclear genome of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. We have studied the subcellular localization of three of these using a GFP reporter in live transfected parasites. The first enzyme in the pathway delta-aminolevulinic acid synthase (ALAS) is targeted to(More)
Noroviruses are the major cause of human epidemic nonbacterial gastroenteritis. Viral replication requires a 3C cysteine protease that cleaves a 200 kDa viral polyprotein into its constituent functional proteins. Here we describe the X-ray structure of the Southampton norovirus 3C protease (SV3CP) bound to an active site-directed peptide inhibitor (MAPI)(More)
The crystal structure of methanol dehydrogenase (MDH) from Methylobacterium extorquens has been refined without stereochemical restraints at a resolution of 1.2 A. The high-resolution data have defined the conformation of the tricyclic pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) cofactor ring as entirely planar. The detailed definition of the active-site geometry has(More)
The structure of cytochrome cL from Methylobacterium extorquens has been determined by X-ray crystallography to a resolution of 1.6 A. This unusually large, acidic cytochrome is the physiological electron acceptor for the quinoprotein methanol dehydrogenase in the periplasm of methylotrophic bacteria. Its amino acid sequence is completely different from(More)
Hydrogen atoms play key roles in enzyme mechanism, but as this study shows, even high-quality X-ray data to a resolution of 1 A cannot directly visualize them. Neutron diffraction, however, can locate deuterium atoms even at resolutions around 2 A. Both neutron and X-ray diffraction data have been used to investigate the transition state of the aspartic(More)
The X-ray structures of native endothiapepsin and a complex with a hydroxyethylene transition state analog inhibitor (H261) have been determined at atomic resolution. Unrestrained refinement of the carboxyl groups of the enzyme by using the atomic resolution data indicates that both catalytic aspartates in the native enzyme share a single negative charge(More)
The peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase enzyme from the pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pth; EC 3.1.1.29) has been cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli and crystallized for X-ray structural analysis. Suitable crystals were grown using the sitting-drop vapour-diffusion method after one week of incubation against a reservoir solution consisting of 20%(More)
The catalytic mechanism of class A β-lactamases is often debated due in part to the large number of amino acids that interact with bound β-lactam substrates. The role and function of the conserved residue Lys 73 in the catalytic mechanism of class A type β-lactamase enzymes is still not well understood after decades of scientific research. To better(More)