Leigh U Horsfall

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Currently the diagnosis and severity of hepatic steatosis can be established accurately only by liver biopsy. Previous small studies found that steatosis measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and imaging (MRI) correlated with histological assessment of liver triglyceride content. However, the accuracy of MRS/MRI for grading the(More)
AIM To investigate the influence of macrophages on hepatocyte phenotype and function. METHODS Macrophages were differentiated from THP-1 monocytes via phorbol myristate acetate stimulation and the effects of monocyte or macrophage-conditioned medium on HepG2 mRNA and protein expression determined. The in vivo relevance of these findings was confirmed(More)
UNLABELLED Although nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is conventionally assessed histologically for lobular features of inflammation, development of portal fibrosis appears to be associated with disease progression. We investigated the composition of the portal inflammatory infiltrate and its relationship to the ductular reaction (DR), a second(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Subjects with metabolic risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are commonly seen by hospital specialists other than gastroenterologists/hepatologists. The aim of this study was to assess the awareness of NAFLD and opinions regarding management among non-hepatologists at two major tertiary hospitals in Brisbane. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS There is increasing need to identify individuals with advanced liver fibrosis, who are at risk of complications such as hepatocellular carcinoma. The commercially available enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF) test provides a non-invasive assessment of fibrosis severity. This study was designed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the(More)
BACKGROUND Ascites, the most frequent complication of cirrhosis, is associated with poor prognosis and reduced quality of life. Recurrent hospital admissions are common and often unplanned, resulting in increased use of hospital services. AIMS To examine use of hospital services by patients with cirrhosis and ascites requiring paracentesis, and to(More)
BACKGROUND Liver macrophages are a heterogeneous cell population that produces factors involved in fibrogenesis and matrix turnover, including matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) -9. During liver injury, their close proximity to hepatic progenitor cells and the ductular reaction may enable them to regulate liver repair and fibrosis. AIMS To enumerate and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Carbohydrate deficient transferrin (CDT) is the most specific serum biomarker of heavy alcohol consumption, defined as ≥ 350-420 g alcohol/week. Despite introduction of a standardized reference measurement technique, widespread use of CDT remains limited due to low sensitivity. The aim of this study was to determine the factors that(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Liver and systemic inflammatory factors influence monocyte phenotype and function, which has implications for hepatic recruitment and subsequent inflammatory and fibrogenic responses, as well as host defence. METHODS Peripheral blood monocyte surface marker (CD14, CD16, CD163, CSF1R, CCR2, CCR4, CCR5, CXCR3, CXCR4, CX3CR1, HLA-DR,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Current tools for risk stratification of chronic liver disease subjects are limited. We aimed to determine whether the serum-based ELF (Enhanced Liver Fibrosis) test predicted liver-related clinical outcomes, or progression to advanced liver disease, and to compare the performance of ELF to liver biopsy and non-invasive algorithms. (More)