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In recent years there has been a growing awareness amongst health professionals of the need to prepare undergraduate students more adequately for practice with clients who have pain. Occupational therapists have a central role in enabling such clients to have productive lives despite pain. In this study, an examination was made of the adequacy of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To examine if commonly recommended assumptions for multivariable logistic regression are addressed in two major epidemiological journals. METHODS Ninety-nine articles from the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology and the American Journal of Epidemiology were surveyed for 10 criteria: six dealing with computation and four with(More)
This clinical scenario illustrates how OTseeker can be used by occupational therapists to locate research that may inform clinical decisions. Beyond the clinical arena, this database also has potential to greatly enhance the ability of researchers to perform systematic reviews of RCTs and eventually, development of clinical guidelines. In conclusion,(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify time caring, burden and health status in carers of stroke patients after discharge from rehabilitation; to identify the potentially modifiable sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with these outcomes. METHODS Patients and carers prospectively interviewed 6 (n=71) and 12 (n=57) months after discharge. Relationships(More)
Observational longitudinal research is particularly useful for assessing etiology and prognosis and for providing evidence for clinical decision making. However, there are no structured reporting requirements for studies of this design to assist authors, editors, and readers. The authors developed and tested a checklist of criteria related to threats to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop indexes of multimorbidity, based on self-reported data, to predict mortality, health service use, help with activities of daily living (ADL), and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in older women. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING Cross-sectional survey of 10,434 women, aged 73-78 years, in the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's(More)
The number and sophistication of statistical procedures reported in medical rehabilitation research is increasing. Application of the principles and methods associated with evidence-based practice has contributed to the need for rehabilitation practitioners to understand quantitative methods in published articles. Outcomes measurement and determination of(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective, descriptive study. OBJECTIVES To describe patients' length of stay (LOS), functional status and discharge setting after rehabilitation and how degree of impairment (complete/incomplete paraplegia/tetraplegia) impacts on these outcomes. To compare actual LOS with estimated LOS. Estimated LOS was based on an Australian model, the(More)
Outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is characterized by a high degree of variability which has often been difficult to capture in traditional outcome studies. The purpose of this study was to describe patterns of community integration 2-5 years after TBI. Participants were 208 patients admitted to a Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit between 1991-1995(More)
INTRODUCTION Online databases can support the implementation of evidence-based practice by providing easy access to research. OTseeker (http://www.otseeker.com), an electronic evidence database, was introduced in 2003 to assist occupational therapists to locate and interpret research. OBJECTIVES This study explored Australian occupational therapists' use(More)