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In recent years there has been a growing awareness amongst health professionals of the need to prepare undergraduate students more adequately for practice with clients who have pain. Occupational therapists have a central role in enabling such clients to have productive lives despite pain. In this study, an examination was made of the adequacy of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To examine if commonly recommended assumptions for multivariable logistic regression are addressed in two major epidemiological journals. METHODS Ninety-nine articles from the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology and the American Journal of Epidemiology were surveyed for 10 criteria: six dealing with computation and four with(More)
Observational longitudinal research is particularly useful for assessing etiology and prognosis and for providing evidence for clinical decision making. However, there are no structured reporting requirements for studies of this design to assist authors, editors, and readers. The authors developed and tested a checklist of criteria related to threats to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop indexes of multimorbidity, based on self-reported data, to predict mortality, health service use, help with activities of daily living (ADL), and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in older women. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING Cross-sectional survey of 10,434 women, aged 73-78 years, in the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective, descriptive study. OBJECTIVES To describe patients' length of stay (LOS), functional status and discharge setting after rehabilitation and how degree of impairment (complete/incomplete paraplegia/tetraplegia) impacts on these outcomes. To compare actual LOS with estimated LOS. Estimated LOS was based on an Australian model, the(More)
The number and sophistication of statistical procedures reported in medical rehabilitation research is increasing. Application of the principles and methods associated with evidence-based practice has contributed to the need for rehabilitation practitioners to understand quantitative methods in published articles. Outcomes measurement and determination of(More)
Outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is characterized by a high degree of variability which has often been difficult to capture in traditional outcome studies. The purpose of this study was to describe patterns of community integration 2-5 years after TBI. Participants were 208 patients admitted to a Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit between 1991-1995(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to describe discharge outcomes and explore their correlates for patients rehabilitated after stroke at an Australian hospital from 1993 to 1998. DESIGN Data on length of stay, discharge functional status, and discharge destination were retrospectively obtained from medical records. Patients' actual rehabilitation length of stay(More)
The effect of a pre-coronary angioplasty education and counselling program on knowledge and psychological status of patients and on knowledge and quality of life/coping status of their spouses was evaluated. Forty patients and their spouses participated in a pre-coronary angioplasty education and counselling program and 40 served as controls. Knowledge,(More)
RATIONALE AND AIMS 'OTseeker' is an online database of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews relevant to occupational therapy. RCTs are critically appraised and rated for quality using the 'PEDro' scale. We aimed to investigate the inter-rater reliability of the PEDro scale before and after revising rating guidelines. METHODS In study(More)