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The voiced/voiceless distinction for English utterance-initial stop consonants is primarily realized as differences in the voice onset time (VOT), which is largely signaled by the time between the stop burst and the onset of voicing. The voicing of stops has also been shown to affect the vowel's FO after release, with voiceless stops being associated with(More)
The post-stop-release rise or fall of fundamental frequency (F0) is known to affect voicing judgments of syllables with ambiguous voice onset times (VOTs). In 1986, Silverman claimed that the critical factor was not direction of F0 change but rather its direction relative to the intonational contour. He further claimed that only F0s that start above and(More)
Prepausal postvocalic stops in English are reported to occur both with and without audible release bursts, more or less randomly, and this difference is said to be without distinctive function. However, there is evidence that an English final stop, absent its release, may be of reduced intelligibility, particularly as to its place of articulation. Without(More)
  • L Lisker
  • 1985
The search for the acoustic properties useful to the listener in extracting the linguistic message from a speech signal is often construed as the task of matching invariant physical properties to invariant phonological percepts; the discovery of the former will explain the latter. These phonological percepts are essentially the phonemes of pregenerative(More)
A common type of stop is voiceless and unaspirated, sometimes contrasting with a voiced one. In English this is true in certain contexts, but utterance-initially the two types vary freely, both heard as voiced by phonetically naïve native speakers, though linguists sometimes describe the first as "devoiced" and/or the second as " prevoiced. " Moreover,(More)