Leigh J. Ellmers

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Atrial (ANP), brain (BNP), and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) belong to a family of hormones important in blood pressure and sodium homeostasis. Expression of ANP has been reported in embryo hearts, but BNP and CNP expression during development has not been described. We used in situ hybridization to identify the sites of gene expression of ANP, BNP, and(More)
AIMS Since their identification in the circulation, microRNAs have received considerable interest as putative biomarkers of cardiovascular disease. We have investigated the diagnostic utility of microRNAs in differentiating between patients with heart failure (HF) and non-HF-related breathlessness, and between HF with reduced (HF-REF) and preserved (HF-PEF)(More)
The natriuretic peptides, atrial (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are known to suppress cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. Both ANP and BNP exert their bioactivities through the Npr1 receptor, and Npr1 knockout mice (Npr1-/-) exhibit marked cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. In this study, we investigated which genes within the hypertrophic and(More)
Reliability of real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) data is dependent on the use of appropriate reference gene(s) for normalization. To date, no validated reference genes have been reported for normalizing gene expression in human myocardium. This study aimed to identify validated reference genes for use in gene expression studies of failed and non-failed human(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are cardiac hormones, secreted by the atria and ventricles, respectively, in the normal adult heart. They participate in the regulation of blood pressure and body fluid homeostasis and modify growth and development of cardiovascular tissues and bone. Levels of ANP are higher in the fetal(More)
After myocardial infarction (MI), the heart may undergo progressive ventricular remodeling, resulting in a deterioration of cardiac function. TGF-beta is a key cytokine that both initiates and terminates tissue repair, and its sustained production underlies the development of tissue fibrosis, particularly after MI. We investigated the effects of a novel(More)
BACKGROUND The (pro)renin receptor (P)RR is implicated in blood pressure regulation and the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF). The effects of (P)RR blockade in HF have not been previously investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS Eight sheep received on 2 separate days a vehicle control and incremental intravenous boluses of a (P)RR antagonist, ovine handle(More)
Although acute administration of urocortin 2 has beneficial actions in heart failure, the integrated hemodynamic, hormonal, and renal effects of sustained urocortin 2 treatment in this disease have not been investigated. In the current study, we administered a 4-day infusion of a vehicle control (0.9% saline; n=6) or urocortin 2 (0.75 μg/kg per hour; n=6)(More)
The aim of this study was to create a comprehensive mouse model of the metabolic syndrome by crossing aromatase-deficient (ArKO) mice with apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice. Successive crossbreeding of ArKO with ApoE(-/-)-deficient mice generated double knockout, MetS-Tg mice. The phenotypic characteristics of the MetS-Tg mice were assessed at 3,(More)
The heart adapts to an increased workload through the activation of a hypertrophic response within the cardiac ventricles. This response is characterized by both an increase in the size of the individual cardiomyocytes and an induction of a panel of genes normally expressed in the embryonic and neonatal ventricle, such as atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP).(More)