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Three-dimensional atlases and databases of the brain at different ages facilitate the description of neuroanatomy and the monitoring of cerebral growth and development. Brain segmentation is challenging in young children due to structural differences compared to adults. We have developed a method, based on established algorithms, for automatic segmentation(More)
Survivors of preterm birth have a high incidence of neurodevelopmental impairment which is not explained by currently understood brain abnormalities. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the neurodevelopmental abilities of 2-year-old children who were born preterm and who had no evidence of focal abnormality on conventional MR imaging were(More)
BACKGROUND We postulated that during ontogenesis cortical surface area and cerebral volume are related by a scaling law whose exponent gives a quantitative measure of cortical development. We used this approach to investigate the hypothesis that premature termination of the intrauterine environment by preterm birth reduces cortical development in a(More)
We present methods for the quantitative analysis of brain growth based on the registration of longitudinal MR image data with the use of Jacobian determinant maps to characterise neuroanatomical changes. The individual anatomies, growth maps and tissue classes are also spatially normalised in an 'average space' and aggregated to provide atlases for the(More)
Our aim was to investigate the feasibility of studying white matter tracts and connections between the thalamus and the cortex in 2-year-old infants who were born preterm by probabilistic magnetic resonance (MR) tractography. Using this approach, we were able to visualize and quantify connectivity distributions in a number of white matter tracts, including(More)
Neonatal MR imaging is invaluable in assessing the term born neonate who presents with an encephalopathy. Successful imaging requires adaptations to both the hardware and the sequences used for adults. The perinatal and postnatal details often predict the pattern of lesions sustained and are essential for correct interpretation of the imaging findings, but(More)
OBJECTIVES To test two measures of visual cortical function in the first year of life as early markers of functionally significant brain damage in infants born preterm: orientation-reversal visual event-related potentials (OR-VERP) and a behavioural test of cortically controlled visual attention-fixation shifts under competition (FS). Also to examine how(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES This article deals with an automatic tissue segmentation of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in young children. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examine the suitability of state-of-the-art methods developed for the adult brain when applied to the segmentation of the brain MRI in young children. We develop a method of creation of a(More)
OBJECTIVE Preterm infants have reduced cerebral tissue volumes in adolescence. This study addresses the question: Is reduced global brain growth in the neonatal period inevitable after premature birth, or is it associated with specific medical risk factors? METHODS Eighty-nine preterm infants at term equivalent age without focal parenchymal brain lesions(More)
Diffuse white matter injury is common in preterm infants and is a candidate substrate for later cognitive impairment. This injury pattern is associated with morphological changes in deep grey nuclei, the localization of which is uncertain. We test the hypotheses that diffuse white matter injury is associated with discrete focal tissue loss, and that this(More)